Pedilanthus is an extraordinary creature of wildlife that can conquer even the most experienced grower. Its solemn motley leaves and juicy bracts will enliven the interior and preserve freshness throughout the growing season. Luxurious, openwork and touching pedilanthus. Care at home for this undemanding ascetic will delight you with ease and convenience. He will gratefully accept any of your concerns and will not disturb trifles.
What you should know before buying pedilanthus
Pedilanthus is a luxurious shrub with randomly scattered shoots and miniature leathery sheets. Their color changes and in each subspecies it has its own, and can be both fresh olive, bright-green, and gradually turn into gray tones. This exotic originates from the tropical forests of South, North and Central America. It belongs to the family of succulents, well adapted to the environment and undemanding to the conditions of care.
Even with rare watering, he will survive at the expense of his own natural thrift. Its dense shoots retain the desired amount of moisture, creating an excellent basis for food in the dry season. Under unfavorable care conditions, the plant completely disposes of the “green cap”. Their function takes over the fat, fleshy, "dancing" stem. The presence of white thick juice in it made it possible to classify the flower as a family of euphorbia.
Duration of growth and budding pedilanthus
Houseplant pedilanthus has a lush crown, which is easy to form. Branch stems grow rapidly, and it is advisable to trim them as needed. Exot will retain its former decoration, even if you leave the shoots a little more than 10 cm long. In nature, you can find patterns 2-3 meters high, at home most of the varieties are only 60–90 cm high.
This perennial develops rapidly, adding to the growth of 20 cm (during the year). As it becomes obsolete, its lower part becomes bare, and the decorative effect "looses its positions." Therefore, every 3-5 years it is recommended to rejuvenate it, thereby prolonging life and preserving power and beauty. The variegated handsome blooms in the "cold" months of the year with small, reddish buds.
Types and varieties of pedilanthus: the best of the best flowers
The beautiful open green of this bushy perennial even without a single flower can create unusually luxurious compositions. A quick adaptation to the changing conditions of care will make him the most "comfortable" guest in the house. Science knows 15 types of pedilanthus, but for breeding in everyday life, the following varieties are often found:
- Pedimantus titimaloid - one of the most picky subspecies. Bright, unpredictable exotic, with non-standard buds in the form of shoes. Depending on the conditions of care, it instantly changes the color of the leaves, acquiring a pinkish or olive tint.
Note! This tropical subspecies unique contains poison, the squeeze of which is used to manufacture antimicrobial agents and strong psychotropic substances. Be careful! Use gloves when transplanting.
- Pedilanthus Finca is a compact, bushy exot with relief leaves, successfully growing on loose substrates.
- Pedilanthus large-fruited - an unusual plant, completely devoid of leaves. It has a large water stalk of the most bizarre forms, tolerates heat without any problems.
- Pedilanthus Coalcomane - sophisticated woody handsome with flashy and juicy buds.
What you need to know about the care of pedilanthus
This decorative leafy perennial - a real find for those who welcome to watch the growth and development of "their pet", without making special efforts to the process. However, some rules should be written in your book. Competent pedilanthus care at home will allow him to fully reveal the decorative properties and demonstrate the beauty.
The warm period is a good time for flower growth. Normal indicators of air humidity, temperature of + 23 ... + 25 ° С - all this, taken together, will create the most comfortable conditions for his well-being. In the autumn, during the period of “dry hibernation”, these figures decrease to + 14 ... + 18 ° C. At the same time in any season exclude drafts.
Any manifestation of discomfort will affect the appearance of the plant. Even with a slight drying of the soil, the turgor of the leaves drops noticeably, and they wither. During the growing season, pedilanthus is unusually sensitive to a lack of moisture. You can create the proper amount in this way: lower the flowerpot into the water for 10–15 minutes. After the earth is saturated with moisture, let it drain.
Direct sun is detrimental to the growing tropic. Therefore, in the summer, transfer the pot to a balcony or terrace, mainly from the west. In winter, when there is a lack of light, use the fitolamp or place it by the south window.
Pedilanthus is afraid of acidification of the soil, so when leaving pay attention to the drainage layer. Lay the bottom of the pot with a layer of stones. If desired, disinfect the soil: treat the substrate over the steam for 10-15 minutes. For sod, choose (1: 1) a mixture of leaf and sod land. To maintain the "airiness of the soil" add the second part of the sand.
Reduced and rare watering in accordance with temperature conditions is a distinctive feature of pedilanthus care. In the cold season, the soil is moistened 1 time per month, in the summer it is done 3 times more often.
Mineral substances are applied to the soil strictly during the warm period (1 time in 20–30 days). At the same time, the percentage of nitrogen is strictly controlled (even a slight increase in these indicators leads to discoloration of greenery and rotting of the roots).
A new plant can be planted with seeds and cuttings (the second method gives the best results). To do this, wash out the juice from the appendix, dry it, and coat it with phytohormone mixture. Then they are instilled into the soil and covered with a perforated film. Within 3 weeks there is a complete rooting.
How to avoid problems in the care of pedilanthus
The plant under unsuitable conditions of care falls ill:
- Suddenly opal foliage - disturbed watering mode or light mode.
- The edges of the leaves twisted and dried up - from excessively dry air.
- Large variegated plates replaced small whole-green shoots - a little light flower.
- Underdeveloped cuttings with juicy greens indicate an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
- The plant does not bloom - the heat and light conditions are disturbed.
Even with strong hypothermia pedilanthus quickly acquires new shoots and restores growth. If the perennial is affected by spider mites, aphids or whitefly, then carry out emergency measures and radically change the conditions of care. The larvae are washed off with water and the damaged areas are treated with insecticidal agents.
These are all secrets that will help to adjust the regime and achieve competent conditions for the care of a magnificent bushy handsome.
Memo for the care of the plant
Pedilanthus needs bright, but diffused light. In summer, the western or eastern window will be the best place for a flower..
From the scorching rays of the sun, the plant must be pritenyat, otherwise it is possible to burn the leaves.
When it is warm outside, the flower can be taken out on the balcony or veranda, after taking care of protection from precipitation and direct sunlight.
In winter, the pedilanthus will best feel on the south window. At this time of year, he will need additional lighting with fluorescent lights or fitolamps.
This plant got its difficult name for an unusual inflorescence resembling a slipper. Hence the name shoe-flower - pedilantus. However, they fell in love with this plant not for the interesting shape of a flower, but for fancy motley leaflets and a dense, thick stalk.
Under natural conditions, a plant can reach sizes of about 2.5 m, while domestic conditions allow it to reach a size of no more than one meter. Dense variegated leaves have a wax coating, which indicates the ability of the flower to tolerate extreme heat.
Among the huge family of milkweed, 15 pedilanthus species are distinguished, which differ significantly from each other in appearance and their properties.
There are 15 types of pedilanthus with features of appearance and colors. At home, most often there are 5 types:
- Titloidal - typical pedilanthus, dense trunk, bright, variegated leaves, branched shrubs.
- The finca is a small shrub whose leaves are concentrated in the apex, and the lower stems are “bare”, it prefers loose soils.
- Large - heat-resistant plant, the foliage is completely absent, dense branching stems accumulate moisture.
- Spurs - tree-growing evergreen shrub capable of growing several meters.
- Koalkomanensky - a small tree, completely covered with foliage, with small colors of red, pink and peach shades.
Conditions for fruitful growth
Since the pedilanthus of Tityloid is considered the most common type of home growing, consider the necessary conditions using his example. In order for the pedilanthus flower to develop fruitfully, it is necessary to create conditions as close as possible to the natural conditions of its habitat.
Pedimantus titimaidny, care at home must take into account humidity, watering, fertilizing, pruning, and so on. Because of their unusual properties, changing the direction with the advent of the new leaf among the people is called the plant "Jacob's Ladder" or "Devil's Back". It seems to be the same plant, for some reason, under different conditions it can have a completely different appearance. You need to take care of the plantonly then will it be able to please you with its original flowering.
Lighting and temperature
Shine. A pudilanthus needs bright light, but the sun's rays can burn. The best place for pedilanthus will be the western sill of your home. In the warm season, the pedilanthus will feel great in the garden, on the balcony and in the loggia, provided that direct sunlight is avoided. Pink leaves of the plant speak of excellent condition and favorable conditions.
In winter, the flower will have dosachivat special lamp. The optimal time of daylight is 12 hours.
Temperature. In summer, the air temperature should be within 25 degrees, with other favorable conditions it may be higher. With the onset of cold weather, it is desirable to reduce the temperature in the range of 14-18 degrees. The period of "rest" is necessary for all flowering plants for subsequent fruitful flowering.
Also for pedilanthus, soil temperature is important. Changes in soil temperature should not exceed 2-3 degrees, otherwise the plant stops feeding and dies. Therefore, as a thermal insulation it is better to make a stand made of wood, foam or other insulating material.
Very important! Pedilanthus does not tolerate drafts and cold wind.
Watering and feeding
Watering. If the soil looks dried, then it's time to water. For irrigation, use filtered or distilled water at room temperature. As a rule, in winter watering is required once a week, and in summer in a day or more. It is worthwhile to focus on the lethargy of the foliage and the soil, which should be constantly wet.
Humidity. Pedilanthus is not whimsical regarding moisture, although the optimum humidity will be 60%. You should not have near the heating devices.
Important! Spraying should be done early in the morning or in the evening after sunset with settled water at room temperature.
Top dressing. During the period of active growth and flowering (spring-autumn) it is necessary to feed the plant once every three weeks. It is important to choose fertilizer for pedilanthus. High nitrogen content adversely affects the flower (leaves fall, color changes, roots rot). Among organic fertilizers suitable - mullein. In the period of "rest" (winter), plant feeding is not required.
Forming a bush
Pedilanthus just needs to prune and shape its growth, if you don’t produce regular pruning, then a large shrub grows, shedding foliage at the base of an unattractive look. Regular pruning and transplanting should be done in the spring, when the activity of juice movement is still low. This will allow the stems to recover quickly and the cuttings will take root better. During the warm season, the pedilanthus will grow and form a dense crown.
Pedilanthus titimaloid pruning can be done quite radically (at the root), it is enough to leave a few live kidneys. The remaining cut shoots can be planted and grow another instance of pedilanthus.
Recommendations for transplanting
Do not disturb the flower unnecessarily, transplantation should be carried out if necessary, which occurs when the flower pot becomes small to the roots. In this case, the transplant will be appropriate. Plant transplantation should be engaged before the beginning of the stage of active growth, as well as pruning.
A ceramic tank with a large drainage hole is ideal as a flowerpot, 1–2 cm wider than the diameter of the previous one and the same height. For soil suitable soil mix for cacti and succulents, light and saturated with moisture and air.
ATTENTION! During transplantation and pruning, gloves should be worn and safety precautions should be observed, since the juice of this plant is poisonous and causes an allergic reaction.
Because of their popularity, folk omens and beliefs have become associated with pedilanthus:
- The stolen cutting took root - to career success.
- Donated pedilanthus - to change in life.
- Pedilanthus in the workplace - to the hassle of work.
- Flower with motley leaves - to the care of men.
7 stages of pedilanthus transplantation:
- We take a ceramic pot and fall asleep to the bottom of the drainage pad.
- Fall asleep half a pot of disinfected soil.
- We take a flower from the previous habitat and lightly shake the ground from the roots (you should not remove the whole earth, you don’t need to intentionally bare the roots).
- Examining the root system, getting rid of diseased roots and rot.
- Place the plant in a new pot and fill the ground to cover all the roots.
- Water the transplanted flower and put it in a dark place for 7 days to reduce stress and adapt.
- Then return the flower to its original place and provide proper care.
Pedilanthus is prone to various diseases and illnesses. What to do in this situation? Consider a few cases and possible solutions to problems..
- Falling foliage before a period of “rest” is a natural process, at other times of the year it is worth reviewing the conditions for watering and lighting.
- Leaves dry - insufficient air humidity or sunburn.
- Extrusion of the stem, thin stem, loss of leaf color - in winter this is a high temperature in the room, in the summer there is a lack of light.
- Ceased to bloom - poor care or improper course of the “resting” stage.
- Straightening the stem, poisonous green leaf color - high nitrogen content.
- Uneven shoots, asymmetrical growth - a lack of light, if the provision of large light is not possible, it is necessary to periodically turn the pot with a flower to evenly saturate the light.
- Sudden loss of foliage - a sharp decrease in temperature.
- The stalks and the base of the foliage become black - high humidity and dense soil, rot in the root system is possible.
- The appearance of small cobwebs in the leaves is a spider mite, it is worth washing the leaves with soapy water and treating with acaricides.
- The appearance of small yellow and green insects, twisting of leaves, sticky drops - the appearance of aphids, should be removed damaged areas and treated with insecticides.
- Twisted yellowing foliage, white insects and brown larvae, whitefly, are seen, the plant should be washed with a soap or alcohol solution and treated with insecticides.
- Dark scurf, dry and deformed stems - mealy insects, need to be treated with soap and alcohol solution, use insecticides.
Breeding of this amazing plant is possible in two simple ways: seeds and vegetatively. Breeding pedilanthus with seeds at home has several problems: the lack of good quality seeds for sale and the almost impossible obtaining of seeds on their own. Therefore, an effective way is pedilanthus reproduction by cuttings. Consider both ways in more detail.
Seed breeding method requires compliance with the sowing procedure. The first step is to examine the packaging of seeds, be sure to clarify the expiration date.
Sow seeds in soil containing 1/3 of sand. Moisten the surface after planting and covered with glass or cling film, placed in a warm place. After the emergence of seedlings should take care of the lighting, it should be in sufficient volume, excluding direct sunlight, and also make regular spraying. When the sprouts are strong enough, you can plant them in individual flower pots.
Vegetative breeding method is very convenient for growers and lovers of this type of plants. After pruning, a sufficient number of cuttings remain, which can be rooted quite simply. In order not to weaken the plant and give it the opportunity to get stronger for full-bloom, to collect cuttings for propagation of the flower should be collected at the beginning of the vegetative period.
Every specialist and amateur has his own secrets for care and reproduction. Some useful tips on breeding cuttings.
- For rooting suitable cuttings 8-10 cm long.
- Remove leaves from cuttings.
- To get rid of poisonous juice, the cuttings should be washed with water and dipped in a napkin.
- To prevent rotting, the cuttings are dried during the day.
- Then put in the ground, watered with warm water and cover with a jar.
- The optimum temperature - 20−25 degrees, moderate watering.
- If condensation occurs, remove it.
If mold or rot appears, remove the damaged area and repeat the procedure with the healthy part, correcting the mistakes made.
Another important question: pedilanthus, benefit and harm. The juice of this tropical plant has antimicrobial properties, used in the manufacture of a number of drugs. In addition, some indigenous peoples of America use pedilanthus as a psychotropic drug.
The original, original pedilanthus won the love of flower growers with its appearance and rather simple care. A huge variety of varieties can surprise even the most experienced growers and will become a real decoration of any greenhouse. Many flower growers prefer to breed several types of pedilanthus at once and collect a whole collection of this flower, which has a very bizarre and unique appearance.This tropical flower is able to please its owners for many years, subject to the simple conditions of its maintenance.
Because of its unusual flower, the pedilantus was named: pedilon, a shoe, anthos, a flower. Actually, the flower itself is not particularly beautiful, the bracts, brightly colored and having an unusual shape, give it charms.
A powerful, fleshy stem in nature is capable of growing up to 2.5 meters, at home, if not to form a flower, it grows to a meter high.
The oval-shaped leaves, pointed at the ends, are covered with a layer of wax, indicating its unique ability to survive in a very hot climate.
Types of pedilanthus
Belonging to the euphorbia family, pedilanthus is of fifteen species that are not very similar in appearance. The most common types of pedilanthus:
- Titloidal - has the typical features mentioned above,
- A finca is not a very large bushy flower with a stem that is bare at the bottom and leaves that are located closer to the top, forming a spreading crown, likes loose substrates,
- Large-fruited - leafless plant that stores water with the help of stems. Leaves resembling scales, almost atrophied, better than other members of the family endures the heat,
- Shportsevy - a plant of the woody type, evergreen, in nature it grows up to several meters,
- Koalkomanensky - may look like a bush or a small deciduous tree with exceptional beauty with flowers of red, pink or peach flowers.
Optimal conditions in the house for growing
It is precisely pedimantus titimaloid that is often chosen for the home greenhouse, therefore, using his example, we will look at caring for this curious plant.
The purpose of the grower is to take care of the pedilanthus, creating as close as possible to the natural conditions.
Pedilanthus is very fond of bright light, but direct sunlight should be avoided, the light must be diffused. The best choice for the location of the plant - the western window sill. The pedilanthus standing on the southern window-sill needs shading, especially in summer, otherwise the leaves will not be burned.
In the summer, a “vacation” in the garden, on the balcony or on the veranda, of course, on the condition of shade, will have a beneficial effect on the plant. Pedilanthus likes fresh air, and if its leaves turn pink, he is pleased and says “thank you”.
With the arrival of winter, on the contrary, the southern window sill will be an ideal place for your pet, besides, it will require lighting up to 12-hour daylight hours.
Peculiarities of home care
It is noteworthy that the way the plant looks, depends on the conditions of detention. Thus, cuttings of one flower, separated at one time, can turn into unlike adult plants due to the difference in growing conditions: humidity, watering frequency, feeding, formation, and so on.
You can have a healthy and beautiful plant, if you provide it with proper care and establish a watering regime. With insufficient watering pedilanthus sheds leaves and loses its aesthetic appearance.
If the leaves look wilted and the substrate dried, it's time to water. The substrate should not be dry, it should always look hydrated.
Summer should be watered every other day, and if necessary even more often, in the winter no more than once a week, but again without drying out the soil. The leaves begin to wither - it's time to water.
A pleasant feature of pedilanthus is that it is unpretentious in the matter of air humidity. He will feel comfortable in a dry room, although more suitable for him is a room with a relative humidity of 60%.
Plants should not be placed near the battery, and pedilanthus is no exception. there is several techniques for increasing humiditythat can be used as needed:
- Place a container filled with water near the flower
- Pour haydite or pebbles on the tray where the plant pot is located, moisten them,
- On hot days it is better to spray pedilanthus in the evening, when the sun has already gone down and night is ahead, but it is possible in the morning, before it has even risen. In the winter, spraying can be carried out if the room is hot and the air is dry.
Sprayed from a fine spray with water at room temperature, naturally separated.
During the period of active growth phase, that is, from spring to autumn, fertilizing is carried out. The frequency of the event - once every three weeks.
If organic fertilizers are used, it is better to prefer mullein. The composition of mineral fertilizers nitrogen allowed a minimum amount. Its increased concentration leads to the loss of leaves of characteristic color and to further rotting of the roots.
In winter, there is no need to feed.
If you do not engage in the formation of pedilanthus, it chaotically stretches upward, lengthening the stems and dropping the leaves in their lower part.
To maintain a neat appearance, as well as stability, it is advisable to regularly replant and trim the pedilanthus. The cuttings obtained in this way go to reproduction and give new material for planting.
Pedilanthus has a period of growing season and rest. In the warm season, it is actively growing, shoots and gives new leaves, in the cold - the processes slow down and the plant falls into a stupor. When the pedilanthus comes out of the resting phase, the flower is pruned.
It is about the end of February or the beginning of March, when the sap flow slows down, which will enable the plant not to lose a lot of moisture, and the cuts - to dry quickly. Over the summer, the pedilanthus will perfectly recover and branch off its crown, which is why its appearance will only win.
The formation is carried out as follows:
- A sharp clean knife cuts off the escape along the internode itself,
- The section is dried out from the milky juice and treated with crushed activated carbon,
- Before the start of pruning, they stop watering the plant and resume it after a few days when the wound dries.
Home Transplant Rules
It is not recommended to disturb pedilanthus often, transplantation is performed only when the roots become cramped and they crawl out of the hole below. The development of the root system occurs slowly; the plant needs to be transplanted every three to four years.
Pedilanthus is quite a popular home plant, it is paid attention to and, as is often the case, mental properties are attributed, funny and not so tied to it: if a stolen cutting has taken root, career has increased, the pedilantus donated is life changes, the pedilantus at work place - to professional troubles, the emergence of plants with colorful leaves - to the care of men from home.
Transplantation is done at the same time as pruning - at the very beginning of the growing season.
Capacity for transplant should be chosen a little more spacious than the previous one - 1-1.5 centimeters wider in diameter. The height of the wall should be approximately equal to the diameter. It is good to stop the choice on a ceramic pot with a large drainage hole.
The soil should be light and loose, waterproof and breathable. Soil mixture for cacti and succulents suitable.
Pedilanthus transplantation scheme:
- Put a claydite or other drainage on the bottom of the pot with a layer of 2-3 cm
- Fill in the decontaminated soil to half the pot,
- Remove pedilanthus from the former habitat, easy to shake off the ground from the roots, not trying to get rid of it completely,
- It is necessary, after carefully examining the roots, to rid the plant of unnecessary elements: dry, dead, blackened, slimy, if fragments prone to rotting are found, they should be removed, seizing 3-5 centimeters of a healthy-looking plot,
- Set the plant in a new pot and fill it with soil, slightly shake its contents,
- Water the transplanted plant and clean it for a week in a dark place, which will reduce stress and improve adaptation.
- After done the flower should be returned to its original habitat and care for him as before.
Possible difficulties in growing: diseases and pests
If you become a victim of improper care or harmful parasites, pedilanthus can put you in front of some problems, for example, change their appearance or even fall off the leaves, what to do in such cases? Some Examples of possible problems:
- Dropping leaves - before the rest period is normal, at another time you should review the mode of watering and lighting,
- The tips of the leaves dry - hit by the direct sun or low humidity,
- Excessive stretching of the stem, its thinning, loss of leaves coloring - in summer there is little lighting, in winter it is too warm,
- No flowering - no dormancy phase was ensured or the content did not fit during this period,
- The leaves change color to a poisonous green, the petiole ceases to be visible - an excess of nitrogen, you need to change the fertilizer to an option without this substance.
- The plant becomes asymmetrical, the shoots are uneven - there is not enough lighting, if you cannot provide plenty of light, you should turn the pot from time to time,
- A sharp abundant leaf fall - a sudden drop in temperature,
- Blackening of the stems at the base and leaf stalks - rot from excess moisture or excessive soil density,
- Light web in the bottom of the leaf - spider mite, wash the leaves with soap, treat with acaricides,
- The leaves are deformed, tiny green or yellowish insects are visible on the plant, there are sticky drops - aphid, the reason why the leaves are curled at the pedilanthus, remove the affected parts, wash with water, treat with insecticide,
- The leaves turn yellow and turn up at the edges, small white insects fly off the plant, brown larvae remain - whitefly, process with soap or alcohol solution, insecticide,
- Similar to dirty cotton wool, drying and shape-changing stems - mealybug, cleaning with alcohol, washing with soap, using an insecticide.
Nature has provided two methods of reproduction for pedilanthus - seed and vegetative, the first one being more popular in its bosom.
At home, however, it is difficult: it is difficult to acquire quality seeds, but it is simply impossible to get them on their own, they are almost not tied up, and if this happens, they lose germination after sowing.
For home pedilanthus, a more realistic way of propagation is grafting.
When selecting seeds, the labeling on the package should be examined: there must be an expiration date.
They are sown in the ground, a third consisting of sand, sprayed and covered with glass or film, put in a warm place.
At the initial stage, the lighting does not play a role, but shoots love the sun, but not direct. Glass is removed, sprouts are regularly sprayed.
When they get stronger, you can sit in personal tanks.
Nature invented a vegetative method of propagation to root broken, overgrown and dead stalks.
Flower growers are widely used in this way, multiplying their pet. For example, when pruning a plant, the host “grows up” with cuttings that can be successfully rooted.
Pinching pedilanthus as necessary, propagation by cuttings can be practiced during the whole vegetative period, but it is better to do this at its beginning, then the plant will have time to strengthen. Some tips when propagating by cuttings:
- The length of planting cuttings should be 8-10 centimeters or 3-4 internodes.
- Lower leaves on them must be removed.
- To remove the toxic juice, the cuttings are washed in water and dried using paper or a soft cloth.
- Leave to dry for about a day to prevent rotting.
- After a rest, they are placed in the ground, watered with distilled water and make a mini-teplichka using a jar.
- Contain at a temperature of 20-25 degrees 2-4 weeks, watered moderately.
- Condensate pedilanthus cuttings do not like, you should get rid of it.
Pedilanthus is beautiful and unpretentious, which makes it very convenient and desirable for gardeners. The originality of his appearance creates him loud glory. This plant is able to please you for many years if you give it a little of your attention and care.
Pedilanthus: general information
Some plants are acquired by lovers of home flowers due to the attractiveness of the leaves, others due to the colorful flowers. A plant, which will be described a little lower, can please almost any florist. It attracts the attention of absolutely everyone. This amazing exotic plant comes from America.
This article will present everything related to the flower called pedilanthus: home care, types and varieties, what are the differences and many more. others
And pedilanthus attracts attention primarily because of its seeming artificiality. It is very similar to a plastic tree, and in different forms: variegated (white-green), regular (green).
The plant belongs to the family Euphorbia. These are, as a rule, abundantly branching shrubs, mainly growing in the wild conditions of Central, North and South America.
- This genus is characterized by significant differences in habitat, so pedylanthuses are quite different in appearance.
- For example, the pedimanthus titimoid is a small shrub that grows mainly in the dry forests of the tropics.
- Spur pedilanthus and Finca, inhabitants of dry and wet forests, respectively, may have the appearance of a small tree.
- And the large-fruited pedilanthus is in its essence an almost leafless succulent, a feature of which is the presence of water-saving tissues in it.
As for the name of the genus, it originated from 2 Greek words: “pedilon” (translated as “shoe”) and “anthos” (translated “flower”), which confirms the originality of the flower shape of this plant.
The unusual shape of the flower in the form of shoes and is a characteristic difference pedilanthus from other plants. In this connection, these flowers became popular as indoor.
The pedilanthus flower, born in the tropical dry forests of America, has a few more features, the main one being thick white sap (it flows out of the stem when it is damaged). Most pedilanthus are shaped like shrubs, but in their homeland, especially in tropical forests with large amounts of moisture in the air, they take the form of a small tree.
As for those species that are grown on the territories of the middle belt, they are mostly large shrubs, and they are well accustomed to taking on personal plots (in summer) and in apartments.
An interesting and original plant pedilanthus.
- Its bloom, as noted above, is rather unusual.
- As a home ornamental plant, it began to be used because of its exotic look.
- In addition to the peculiar shape of the flower, the leaves of some specimens of the plant are turned into spines and rather small rudimentary forms, while for others the leaves are distinguished by a variety of colors - a dark green heart with a white border, etc.
Due to the fact that pedilanthus belongs to a group of plants, the shape and appearance of which depend quite strongly on the growing conditions, even with its unpretentiousness, it can grow completely different in appearance if the same cuttings are planted in places with different growing conditions.
And what factor more influences this plant? Humidity of soil and air: with an excess of its plant is drawn up, and with a deficit - becomes like a dwarf.
The most popular types of pedilanthus for growing at home
Pedilanthus is one of the brightest representatives of the family Euphorbia. The plant is originally from the tropics of Central America, but some pedilanthus species have become popular when grown at home.
The flower won the love of flower growers due to the bright color and unusual leaf structure. In addition, it looks very beautiful during flowering. Mostly its inflorescences are small, but they have a rich pinkish-red color and an unusual shape. The plant practically does not require the creation of special conditions.
Unlike most indoor plants, pedilanthus bloom occurs at the end of autumn - the beginning of winter.
For indoor cultivation are used such types of pedilanthus, such as:
All pedilanthus species are very resistant to pollution by toxins and heavy metals and are able to clean the air of harmful substances themselves. Such an assistant on the windowsill will become not only the decoration of the house, but also its kind of filter.
For growing at home, all types of pedilanthus are recommended to be used with caution in the house where there are small children. A twig accidentally broken off by a child and poisonous juice of euphorbia, remaining on the hands of children or sprinkled on the face, can lead to unpleasant, and even dangerous, consequences.
Pedylanthus Titomaloid-dangerous handsome
One of the most non-whimsical species of the flower is also called Jacob's Ladder or the Devil's Ridge due to the interesting shape of the shoots and the arrangement of the leaves. Fleshy dense escape bends at an angle in opposite directions, resembling the structure of the ridge. Young leaves grow on the bends of the shoot, as if forming staircases.
The bush can grow up to 2 m, but there are very few side shoots. The leaves of medium size (about 7 cm long) have an elongated shape and a slightly pointed tip. The surface of the sheet is smooth, lint-free, wavy edges.
Experienced flower growers are advised to regularly cut the shoots to give the plant a bushy shape, leaving 10 cm. The cut must be immediately sprinkled with sulfur or coal.
In the southern regions, the Titloid pedilanthus is often used to create a hedge. After pruning new shoots grow very quickly, making it easy to form a shrub.
A characteristic feature of the species is the ability of the leaves to change color depending on the conditions of detention. Under the influence of external factors on the green leaves of the pedilanthus of the titloidal there may be a pink or white border along the edges.
- Also, leafy plates can acquire an olive tint, keeping the bright points in the center. In late autumn, the tops of the shoots are decorated with small red (not more than 1.3 mm) inflorescences that look like shoes or bird beaks.
- Flower juice has beneficial antimicrobial qualities that can be used in medicine for the manufacture of medicines.
The juice of pedilanthus (euphorbia) Titimoid is very poisonous and can cause an allergic reaction and irritation of the mucous membrane. In severe cases, contact dermatitis or poisoning is possible.
Pedilanthus Finca - motley coming from the humid tropics
The most moisture-loving pedilanthus is also called variegated. Young bright green leaves in the center have a darker color. Over time, the leaf brightens, retaining the green color only in the middle of the plate, and the edges turn pinkish-white.
The surface of the sheet is covered with glossy shine, and the shape resembles a zigzag. The plant itself develops as a shrub, while the leafy cap and side branches are formed on the tops of the shoots. The lower part of the trunk does not branch.
In order to grow the Fink pedilanthus, it is necessary to select a light substrate that will provide free air access to the root system.
Pedilanthus Large-fruited - succulent flowering
The appearance of the shrub is not very attractive - almost bare, non-leafy shoots grow together in groups, forming a dense shrub. The leaves are so small and small that they are almost invisible, in shape resemble scales. The shoots themselves are fleshy, green in color with a gray tinge.
In a section most often round, but can sometimes be flattened. They absorb moisture and make its reserves, which allows the plant to feel good in arid climate.
But in the period of flowering pedalanthus Krupnoplodny demonstrates all its beauty: small groups of charming inflorescences-shoes form on the tops of the shoots. Their color varies from red to orange, and the petals have a glossy shine.
Pedilanthus Shportsevy: Evergreen Euphorbia-Giant
The highest species grows in the shape of a tree and is able to reach 3 m in height. The wide crown is covered with small-sized (up to 6 cm) leaves. They have a single green color and shine, while the shoots themselves are dark green in color, almost black. The leafy plate is slightly elongated, and its edges are slightly wavy.
Despite the fact that the pedalanthus Sporese is an evergreen tree, under the influence of low temperature or with a lack of moisture, it can throw off the foliage.
Pedilanthus of Coalcomane - a large-flowering handsome man
One of the most beautiful types of pedilanthus was fallen in love with flower growers thanks to unique inflorescences. During the flowering period, very large (unlike other plant species) flowers of pink color with a peach shade appear at the tips of the shoots. The plant can form either a sprawling shrub or a short tree.
- Homeland pedalanthus Koalkomanenskogo are the mountainous regions of Mexico, where the rainy period is replaced by drought. T
- This climate has determined the nature of the plant - it is able to withstand abrupt change in weather conditions, but at the same time it tends to shed leaves in the dry season.
There are rumors among fans of ornamental plants that pedilanthus attracts an active change of life positions. For example, if it is presented as a gift - this may mean that in the near future a change of residence or at least repair is possible.
To wait for changes in the professional sphere, it is advised to break off the stalk of a plant that grows in a public place without asking. To believe such signs or not is already a personal matter. But one circumstance is beyond doubt - unpretentious types of pedilanthus are ideal for growing at home, especially for those gardeners who love easy-care plants.
Pendilanthus - Lighting
Like all milk eaters, pedilanthus loves a lot of sunlight, but after a dark winter, it is necessary to accustom to the spring sun gradually, creating a little shading at midday for 1-2 weeks at the end of February-March.
Pedilanthus are suitable for windows of southern orientation, it grows well in the southeast, worse in the southwest and sunny west - the leaves fade somewhat when it is sunny and hot for many days. The northern side is darkish, the plants are developing poorly, grow slowly.
At home, sooner or later the question arises, where to put the pot - it ceases to fit on the windowsill. You can put in a room on a table or a bedside table next to the window, as close as possible to the light. Please note that with proper illumination, the leaves sit tightly on the petioles, the distance between them is about 2-4 cm, if there is little light, the shoots are stretched (although the variegation is almost not lost) and the distance between adjacent leaves reaches 5-7 cm.
- You can often see the shoots leaning toward the window.
- In this case, you need to rearrange the pot on a more sunny window-sill or arrange the dawn light with phyto-lamps.
Pendilanthus - Temperature
In the warm season, it is desirable to observe the air temperature within 25 degrees. In conditions of sufficient constant lighting and air flow, the temperature can be higher.In autumn and winter, it is necessary to provide temperature regime in the range of 14-18 degrees.
Important! Despite the need for air, pedilanthus reacts negatively to drafts and cold wind.
Pedilanthus needs such a rest period to ensure flowering.
- The temperature of the soil is very important for the plant, it should be the same both in depth and on the surface, it can vary within 2-3 degrees, not more.
- If this condition is violated, the roots will not be able to consume food. Knowing about this feature, it is impossible to put a pot with a pedilantus on a cold surface, this is especially important in winter.
- To preserve the balance of temperatures, a wooden board, a piece of foam or other insulating material is placed under the plant container.
Watering and water treatments
Pedilanthus likes abundant watering and spraying in the summer and spring, reducing irrigation in the winter. Water for irrigation is used soft, settled, without harmful impurities like disinfectants in the city water supply.
Ideal would be spring or well water with a high content of mineral salts.
The main thing is that the temperature of the water should correspond to room temperature, like heavy rain showers. In the spring and hot summer moisture is needed for abundant flowering, so watering is carried out regularly, not allowing the soil to dry out.
To determine the time of watering, growers rely on the state of the leaf plate. When the plant lacks moisture, the plant “wilts”, the leaves lack turgor, their tips go down. It is necessary to focus on the appearance of the plant, and not on certain terms of watering. So there will be no excess of moisture, flowering will come on time, will be abundant and bright.
Important! Leaf dropping is dangerous for pedilanthus in the summerneed urgent resuscitation in a warm bath. To do this, the flower pot is completely placed in a container with warm tap water for 10-15 minutes. After which the water is drained, then the flower is provided with timely watering.
It is necessary to organize additional spraying from a spray bottle in the summer, during plentiful flowering. In winter, it is not necessary to maintain high humidity, the plant is at rest.
Feeding is carried out throughout the growing season, every two weeks making specially developed complex fertilizers for succulent species and euphorbia.
When choosing, pay attention to the composition of the complex: the content of nitrogen components should be reduced to a minimum. Otherwise, an excess of nitrogen compounds will lead to suppuration of the roots, and then the stems, and therefore the death of the whole bush.
In winter, pedilanthus is not fertilized, ensuring a calm state. Make a mineral-organic composition after watering once a month. This reduces the risk of burns of the root system, the gradual penetration into the soil nutrient fluid will provide the optimal concentration of trace elements.
Soil mix and pot size
Like any succulent pedilanthus, a loose, neutral substrate will be suitable, which will ensure easy air penetration to the roots. Water will easily penetrate and fill the entire space of the pot, covering all root processes.
Agroindustrial production is a series of soils for cacti and euphorbia, where the ratio of sand, peat, earth in the correct proportions.
Flower growers with experience prefer to independently mix the soil, so take into account the individual features of the environment: heat, ventilation, humidity.
- It will take black leaf and sod light soil, sand, the proportions of which correspond to 2: 1: 2.
- Sand is used river, which is pre-ignited or disinfected by a weak hot solution of potassium permanganate.
- All pathogenic microorganisms are removed, a loose mass remains, which will provide drainage.
About size! The root bundle of the pedilanthus is small, so a compact vessel will fit, it is better to give preference to an earthen pot. Diameter is 15-20 cm, height is about 20 cm.
The soil needs to be updated every 2 months, but the transplant is not needed, the roots grow slowly. For the change of the top layer of soil, a layer of 3 cm in size is removed, and a handful of new earth is poured onto the vacant space.
If pedilanthus does not bloom
Decorative stalks and leaves do not negate the desire of growers to get a blooming specimen of pedilanthus. But what if pedilanthus does not bloom? For the bloom to come, the plant needs a cool and dry wintering. The period of rest and rest, at which the temperature is not higher than + 18 ° C, watering - once a month, there are no sprays and no dressings.
Leaves fall, what to do?
If this occurs during a dormant period, and the leaves fall to 50% of the foliage, this is normal. With the beginning of the growing season will grow new leaves, and the plant will become even more beautiful than before. If the leaves fall in spring or summer, the plant is not suitable mode of maintenance.
Unscheduled leaf fall indicates a drying out and over-wetting of the soil in the pot, or a violation of the light regime - a lack or excess of light.
Sudden leaf fall
This is a direct symptom of hypothermia plants. You may have ventilated the room in the winter, or it was freezing at night and the temperature in the room was too low. Or you didn’t bring the plant to the house from the balcony in time and hit the frost.
There are two possible options for events. The stems are not frozen, they are green - everything is in order with the plant, new leaves will grow. Frost grabbed the stems, and they are partially dead - cut off the damaged parts and wait for new shoots.
Diseases and pests
Most often, pedilanthus is damaged by aphids. It looks like this: green dots appear on young leaves and tops of the stems. These are insects that can be easily detected with the naked eye. Their “work” is even easier to see - the plant ceases to grow new leaves, and the old ones, starting from the top ones, twist. Aphids are washed off with a strong stream of warm water, diseased leaves are removed, and the plant itself is treated with an insecticide.
The second class of danger pest for pedilanthus is spider mite. If it is wound up on a plant, the leaves wither, turn yellow, and a cobweb appears on the back side. Spider mite occurs due to dry air. After treating the plant with acaricide, adjust the air humidity in the room with pedilanthus.
Plant in the axils of the leaves and on the stem. Looks like sticky fluff. The plant at the same time stops growth and development, then begins to lose leaves. Remove the pest by treating pedilanthus with alcohol. To do this, use a cotton swab, dipping it in an alcohol solution, but the treatment should be done carefully, leaving no missed areas.
These are small white midges that settle on the plant. They are discovered by touching the plant and disturbing it - they will rise and sit down again. At the same time, the pedilanthus becomes sticky and the leaves turn yellow. First, wash off the sticky plaque, then treat the plant with an insecticide.
Fungal disease can affect pedilanthus if the irrigation rate is exceeded. The roots and stems of the plant at the same time rot, becoming dark. Remove diseased stems and root parts so that rot does not infect the whole plant. Watering is reduced.
Pedilanthus stands out among other indoor plants. From the side it resembles a plastic masterpiece. Rounded leaves, intricate bends of stems, variegated color - all this makes the plant unique. Its unusual appearance attracts flower growers. About 15 species are attributed to the pedilanthus genus. All of them do not resemble each other. Among them are succulents, shrubs, trees. Homeland plants:
- North America,
- South America,
- Central America.
It grows in tropical forests. Despite this, it feels great on the windowsill. It got its fancy name from two words: “pedilion” - a shoe and “athos” - a flower. Therefore, the people of the plant called "shoes fairies." And for curved stems - "hellish ridge." Despite the large number of species, only titimaloid pedilanthus is adapted to room conditions. This is a bush plant with beautiful flowers and variegated leaves.
Despite the fact that the flower comes from the tropics, he gets a little sunlight. It's all a small amount. Under room conditions, the pot is best placed under the scattered rays of the sun. In the summer it is better to put a flower in the fresh air: a balcony, a window sill. You can put it in the garden, previously covered from rain and placed in the shade. When it is impossible to ensure the constant presence in the fresh air, it is important to organize airing often.
In spring and summer it is necessary to maintain the temperature of + 25 ° C. Since autumn, the plant begins to be prepared for the rest period and the temperature is lowered to + 14 ° С. At this stage, the tree will drop some of the leaves. Do not be afraid - this is normal. In modern homes in the heating season it is difficult to observe the temperature regime. Pedilanthus will endure a hot winter, but his foliage will lose its variegation and will fall heavily. In the spring there will be new leaves.
At home, care for pedilanthus is simple. Due to the fact that the plant can be conditionally classified as succulents, it easily tolerates drought. Its leaves can accumulate moisture. In winter, watering should be reduced. When keeping the temperature low, one irrigation per month is enough. If the temperature is higher, enough watering once every two weeks. In spring or summer it is carried out more often. Choose better defended or soft water.
For tropical plants, air humidity is important. To do this, spray the flower several times a day. Especially in the summer. Subject to the dormant period in winter spraying stops. In the fall you can feed the pedilanthus. This will require fertilizer for succulents. Use them in accordance with the instructions.
In nature, a tree can grow up to 2 meters. Pruning pedimantus titimaidous allows you to withstand plant growth up to 1 meter. If you do not remove the shoots, they will grow chaotically and confused. All this will make the bush ugly. Therefore, you need to begin to form the correct crown immediately. Extra shoots are removed with a sharp knife or shears.
Transplantation and reproduction
Pedilanthus grows slowly and does not require frequent transplants. It is more important to change the top layer of soil every year.. To do this, remove about three centimeters of land and fall asleep new. It is necessary to replant a flower only when roots densely occupy all pot. This can be done in spring and summer, in any case not in winter! Be sure to have a drainage layer at the bottom of the pot. This will prevent acidification of the soil.
Soil can be bought in gardening stores. For this fit the soil for succulents. You can cook their own land. For this you need to take:
- 1 part of turf land,
- 2 pieces of leafy ground
- 2 pieces of sand.
Sand is better to take the river - it is fine. Be sure to pre-ignite it in the oven or process a hot solution of potassium permanganate, as it may be infected with parasites.
The most common breeding is carried out by pedilanthus cuttings. After pruning, a large number of shoots remain that can be planted. Root them can be in perlite, water, soil. To the stems are not rotted, do not need to put them in the greenhouse. The length of the cuttings must be at least 10 cm. The first roots appear after two weeks. After this, the shoot is transplanted into the ground (sand and peat in equal parts).
There is reproduction of pedilanthus seeds, but it is difficult to do in room conditions. Therefore, this method does not apply.
Uncomplicated care for a pedimus titimoid at home does not guarantee the absence of problems with the plant. If the leaves wil, become sluggish, the flower is likely to experience a serious lack of moisture. You need to put the pot with him in warm water and leave for 15 minutes. After getting it and letting the excess flow.
Varieties and types of plants
The historical homeland of culture is both the American continent, where it grows in nature. We grow it in indoor floriculture. For most of the year, it is used as a deciduous plant, with a compact crown and upright stems. At the bottom of the leaves fall, forming a stepped form, because of which the plant was awarded the names of "Jacob's Ladder" and "Devil's Ridge". The leaf plate, the correct cherry-shaped form, has a length of 10 cm, width of 5 cm. The miniature flower looks like an elegant shoe of bright red color. The inflorescence includes 5-7 buds, blooming alternately in December - January.
There are such types of plants:
- Pedilanthus large-fruited differs from other species by the complete absence of leaves, or rather, by their modification to small scales. Gray-green, watery shoots, typical of the succulents to which it belongs. Clusters of flowers are formed at the ends of the stems.
- Pedilanthus Coalkomanic looks like a small sprawling tree or a bush. Of all the species has the largest bright orange buds. The dignity of the plant - endure drought tolerantly. When the lack of moisture is especially noticeable, the culture sheds leaves. This unpretentious care is important for those florists who can not spend much time indoor pets.
- Pedimantus titimaloid - a species that changes the color of the leaves with different lighting. This property is used by breeders to produce varieties with stripes on the edges. Their color is white or pink.
- Pedilanthus Finka can be distinguished by bright green, wavy leaves, at the ends of wavy shoots. Stems are collected in dense bunches.
- Sportivsev pedilanthus is the largest among the brethren. A small tree grows to three meters. The branches are dark green, almost black, slightly refracted at the internodes.
All species are different, and without knowing it is difficult to guess that the plants belong to the same botanical genus.
Pedilanthus, cultivation features
When planning to purchase a plant, you should pay attention to its toxicity. Like many members of the Euphorbia family, it contains toxic substances.
If there are kids or pets in the house, pedilanthus should be abandoned.
But, it is irreplaceable where there is no opportunity to devote much time to care. With him there will be no hassle, if you choose the right place, to ensure the desired temperature and periodic watering. It is important to consider that the plant does not tolerate drafts. Flowering in winter requires time to clean it to rest.
Learn more about how to create the optimal environment for successful pedylanthus growth.
A good solution is to locate the plant on the northeast window sill. Then, in the morning it will be illuminated by direct sunlight, and in the afternoon it will be encased. Prefers a lot of light, but suffers in the sun. If he is on the south side, then in the summer heat it is necessary to provide protection from scorching rays. Accordingly, in the north, from a lack of light, the stems become long and thin, the leaves are pale. For example, in such conditions, the pedimanthus of the titimoid loses decorative strips, and the leaves become not expressively green. This type is grown most often.
Possible pest pedilanthus and difficulties in growing
If the air in the room where the plant is located becomes sufficiently dry, then this may contribute to the defeat of spider mites, aphids, mealybugs, or whitefly.You can start to process the stems and leaf plates with a soap or oil solution, also use an alcohol solution of calendula or liquid ammonia diluted in water.
For example, 200 g of soap, rubbed on a coarse grater, is dissolved in a bucket of warm water and this mixture is infused for several hours. Then the mixture is thoroughly mixed and the plant is treated, it is also necessary to process the pot itself and slightly sprinkle the ground.
It is important to ensure that this solution does not get to the roots of the plant, otherwise it will die. Pedilanthus is left in the treated state for 3-4 hours, and then it is necessary to wash the soap solution from the treated surfaces. Next, the plant is wrapped with a plastic bag and left for about a day, so that the humidity inside the package is high.
Alcohol solutions wipe stems and leaves, and also the container in which there is a plant and the top layer of soil is processed. If folk remedies did not help, then it is necessary to resort to treatment with modern insecticides.
Of the problems associated with the care of pedilanthus, the following can be identified:
- root decay occurs with frequent flooding of the plant,
- ugly stretching of the stem speaks of too high a temperature during the winter dormancy period and of insufficient lighting of the plant with sunlight,
- pedilanthus does not want to bloom - the conditions of winter dormancy are violated (most likely the fever is high),
- yellowing and drying of the tips of the sheet plates indicates excessive sunlight exposure,
- sheet plates became monochromatic and crushed in size - insufficient lighting,
- the leaf plates have become excessively green, and the stem does not grow - there are too many nitrogenous compounds in fertilizers,
- rapid loss of leaf mass - a sharp decrease in temperature, while the stems remain green, then we can hope for a new growth of shoots, if the plant is still frozen, then it is necessary to cut off the parts of the pedilanthus that have died and wait for the new growth of the stems,
- darkening and rotting of the top of the cutting, speaks of the defeat of the fungal disease (it is necessary to cut off all cuttings that look that way),
- the growth of leaf plates ceased and they began to deform - the pedilanthus was affected by aphids (put the plant under the shower, wash off the harmful insects with water and treat it with insecticides).
If the petiole began to lengthen, then this means nothing, as it is a natural process with the growth of pedilanthus.
Description of the species and varieties
Pedilanthus is an original beauty plant from the Euphorbia family. The natural conditions of its habitat is North, Central and South America. The genus includes 15 species, which differ greatly from each other, depending on the place of growth. Among them you can find small trees, shrubs and even succulents that do not have leaves.
On the fleshy gray-green stem, as a rule, are ovate or pointed leaves with short petioles or sessile. Leaf color is green or white-green. In most species, foliage has a light wax coating, which indicates the plant's adaptability to hot conditions. The stem has a stepped or zigzag shape. This is due to the fact that with the appearance of each new leaf, the direction of the stem changes.
Small flowers are collected in umbellate inflorescences.. Red or pink bracts, resembling a shoe or a bird, make pedilanthus bloom especially original and unforgettable.
The main species grown in indoor conditions:
- Pedimantus titimaloid - is a shrub up to 80 cm tall. Stems are curved, fleshy. The color of lanceolate leaves differs depending on the variety - it can be green with a white, pink or cream border. Inflorescences are red in color.
- Pedilanthus large-fruited - succulent, not having leaves. Fleshy gray-green stalks store water well.
- Pedilanthus Finca - has zigzag glossy stalks and bright green leaves. Inflorescences are red.
- Sportiva pedilanthus is a type of woody type, it grows up to 2-3 meters in height. It has dark green stems and rounded, pointed towards the edges, slightly wavy leaves.
Pedilanthus - benefit and harm
Pedilanthus is grown by us as a beautiful ornamental plant, moreover, we can control the color of the leaves: if we provide the plant with daily temperature fluctuations of about 10 ° C (i.e. cooling off at night), a pink color will appear in the color of the leaves. But the leaves will be poured pink or red only in a sunny place or bright light.
Pedilanthus is of aesthetic value, in regions with a warm climate (9-13 zones), it can perfectly fit into the garden decor in mixed curbs and rock gardens. At home, its use in air purification is undeniable - a large enough sheet mass filters the air we breathe, reducing the concentration of toxic secretions (phenol group, etc.).
In folk medicine in many countries - in the homeland of pedilanthus, various parts of the plant have been used to treat many ailments and ailments (asthma, laryngitis, treatment of corns, otitis, rheumatism, skin diseases and umbilical hernia). Although they were not recognized as effective official medicine, world medical science considers pedilanthus as a source of interesting anti-inflammatory drugs, or drugs of general antibacterial / antimicrobial action.
Milky euphorrhea juice contains not only medicinal, but also toxic substances, including carcinogens.
- The stems, leaves, seeds and roots of the pedilanthus are all saturated with toxic milky juice, which can cause skin allergies when in contact with it, especially if there are wounds, scratches or other damage.
- Therefore, to avoid trouble during transplantation and pruning, wear gloves if necessary.
- When ingested (accidentally swallowed, chewing on any parts of the plant), the mucous membranes are burned, severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Consider such serious consequences if you have small children!
The child may not even suffer from the fact that he puts a leaf in his mouth, he can break a sprig, and splash the juice and fall on the skin or eyes. If this happens, you should immediately wash your skin with warm water and soap, and your eyes with plenty of running water and seek medical help.
But domestic animals can sense that pedilanthus and any other spurge are an inedible plant and almost never encroach on its leaves.
Indoor Flowers and Design
Potted flowers in the design are used in view of the appearance of foliage of indoor plants. The form describes the size and shape of the sheet, the texture indicates the physical nature of its surface, and the figure indicates the nature of the distribution of color. The range of forms is huge - from tiny leaves of saline to the leaves of 60 cm wide monstera, from whole croton leaves with smooth edges to the pinnate leaves of asparagus.
- The texture range is also wide - it can be smooth, prickly, matte, shiny, velvety, shirred, etc.
- Finally, the drawing - the leaves are completely green, variegated (green and one other color), multi-colored, veined and so on.
- The combination of shapes, textures and patterns in the composition will make it more interesting, but too many different types of plants in a group can lead to chaos.
The unity of the design of indoor flowers
Unity means that the various design elements of indoor plants blend into a harmonious whole. It does not follow from this that the result should be boring and uninteresting.Place a blood-red anthurium in a cylindrical stainless steel container against a completely white wall in a modern interior, and you will get a contrast, but there is a unity of modern shapes and surfaces. On the other hand, a small palm tree in a colorful ceramic pots on the piano in a provincial room has the shape, color and size of others, but there is also unity here.
There are rules that can help with this, but the simplest thing is to ask yourself two questions: does the plant look in its place in this container, and does it fit into the room?
There are two aspects to the concept of balance. The first concerns plants or plants along with a pot. Physical balance is needed here, which means that the container must be heavy enough to prevent the one-sided composition from tipping over.
- In addition, there must be a visual balance. This means that a physically stable composition should not look as if it could tip over.
- You can increase the “weight” of the lighter side of the visually unbalanced composition using plants with large dark leaves.
- The second aspect of the balance concerns the visual interaction of two nearby objects, which can be quite different in style.
- To determine whether they are balanced, imagine them on the cups of giant weights - if one of the parties clearly outweighs the other, then there is no balance.
Omens and superstitions associated with pedilanthus
Since pedilanthus is very popular with gardeners and can be found in many apartments and houses, some signs and superstitions are associated with it.
For example, some believe that if you pinch and plant a pedilanthus stalk in a public place (or, in other words, steal it), this will contribute to professional career growth.
Others claim that the pedilanthus received as a gift will bring with it active actions and changes in life or in everyday life. It can be a repair, an interior change in the house or even a move.
It is believed that the varieties of plants with colorful leaves are driven from the house of the male.
Believe in all these signs or not, everyone decides for himself. After all, the meaning of the very word “superstition” - belief in vain, vain, having no true value, empty - speaks for itself. And when something goes wrong, you often don’t want to admit your own mistakes and blunders. It is easier to explain everything with something secret, unknown, “supernatural”.
In any case, the pedilantus is always ready to decorate any interior with its intricate zigzag stems and exotic florets-slippers.
Such a plant needs bright light, but the light must be scattered. It should be protected from direct sunlight. In summer, the flower is recommended to move to the street. A suitable place for it should be protected from rain, as well as from the direct rays of the sun.
In winter, the lighting should also be very bright. To achieve the desired level, experts advise to provide additional illumination with special fitolamps.
In spring and summer, the temperature should be about 25 degrees. At the same time the plant needs very frequent airing of the room where it is located. With the onset of autumn pedilanthus should be placed in a cooler place with a temperature of 14 to 18 degrees. With this content, foliar discharge will not be too strong.
There is no need to maintain a special humidity regime in the room.
How to water
In the summertime, the substrate in the tank should always be slightly moist (not wet). When the earth clod is dried up, the plant reacts by dropping the foliage. In winter, water should be moderate. It should be borne in mind that such a succulent is equally harmful as overdrying of the soil, and stagnation of the liquid in it.
In order to ensure the most appropriate mode of irrigation, you should focus on the state of the leaves. So, it is necessary to water pedilanthus only after the leaves begin to lose their turgor (lower a little). If watering is too scarce, then all the leaves can fly around.
Top dressing is carried out in the spring and autumn period 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use fertilizers for succulents with reduced nitrogen content. If there is too much nitrogen in the soil, this can cause the development of rot. In the autumn and winter period, it is impossible to feed the plant.
Transplantation is carried out in the springtime and only if necessary, for example, the root system became crowded in the tank. It should be noted that the root system of such a flower is relatively small. The new tank should have a diameter approximately equal to its height. Do not forget during the transplant to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay at the bottom of the pot. This will help avoid stagnation of water, as well as acidification of the soil.
Pests and diseases
- Fungal disease - darkening of the end of the cutting and its rotting. Need to get rid of infected cuttings.
- Aphid - on young leaves and on the upper part of the shoots, very small green-colored pests can be considered, the leaf plates stop growing and curl. Arrange a shower plant or treat with an appropriate insecticide. Affected leaves must be removed.
- Spider mite - foliage becomes sluggish and changes its color to yellow, spider webs appear on the wrong side. Perform acaricide treatment and try to keep the air humidity always high.
- Mealybug - on shoots and in leaf sinuses there are whitish vatoobrazny educations. The growth of the flower stops. Remove insects with cotton swabs moistened with alcohol.
- White fly - leaves become yellow and sticky. If you touch the flower, you can see how small whitish midges fly from it. Arrange a plant shower. In case of severe infection, treat with an insecticide.
Pedilanthus titimaloid (Pedilanthus tithymaloides)
This bushy succulent has a spectacular and not quite ordinary flower shape. So, they are similar to a fancy bird or shoe. And also this kind has variegated foliage very bright and unusual. So, it can be colored from dark green with whitish patches in the center to the white edge.
Variety "Variegatus" has variegated, wavy leaves with short petioles. At the same time, there is a porcelain-white border on the sheet plate, which turns into a bright red or pinkish color. The fleshy green shoot has a zigzag shape, because when it grows a new leaf it changes its direction. It blooms in the second half of the autumn period. The flowers are in the upper part of the shoots, while the inflorescences formed by them have glossy covering leaves of red color.