Crop production

Hamedorea home care transplant reproduction

The Hamedorea genus belongs to the Palmov family and includes over a hundred species, the main distribution area of ​​which is Central and South America.

This culture is a tree plant with sprawling feathery foliage, and its flowering does not have a decorative value. Not many species are grown in culture.

Secrets of growing Hamedorei at home

Palm hamedoreaThis is an opportunity for each of us to start a piece of the south at home, which will remind us of summer, sun and amazing overseas sandy beaches. Homeland Hamedorei are warm rainforests of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala and the Yucatan Peninsula. Those who are engaged in the cultivation of indoor plants, cultivate this exotic plant due to the unusual feathery shape of its leaves, which have high decorative characteristics. By the way, sometimes you can find types of Hamedorea, with undivided, one-piece leaf plates.

Hamedorea refers to slow growing palms. When growing at home in a comfortable environment, it can reach a height of 90 to 120 centimeters, but in the natural environment there are instances reaching 5 meters. Flowers of the plant do not represent decorative value, and therefore, if you do not plan to get the seeds, they are recommended to be removed at the bud stage.

The right choice Hamedorei when buying

When buying a plant, then not to think why Hamedorea dries, it is necessary to take a very responsible attitude towards the choice of a future pet. Carefully inspect the plant for damage: if it has broken branches, improperly formed, twisted, dull or yellow leaves, then it is better to refuse to buy such an instance. Despite unpretentiousness, hamedorea very often suffers from root rot, and the yellow leaves and stunted plants look like more than eloquent proof that it is infected with phytoinfection.

In addition, when buying a palm tree, be sure to inspect it for infection by pests. If you notice tiny dots of greenish or brown color on the leaves or on the stem of the plant, then when purchasing such an instance, be prepared for the fact that you will have to fight against the ubiquitous spider mite.

What conditions to create for successful cultivation

Hamedorea is absolutely incalculable and unconnectedThey are tough, but, like all home plants, it will respond to the care and creation of comfortable conditions with a rich green color, cheerful appearance and excellent development. This plant is sure to test your nerves for durability, because it is rather slow, and therefore it is unlikely to please you with an active pace of development, rapid growth and large size. The healthy look of such a pet will be an excellent reward for the care and proper care of the plant.

When choosing a place for Hamedorei, it should be remembered that it is very sensitive to direct sunlight, but it also tolerates shade and even a significant lack of light. The fact is that at home it grows in the shade of taller trees, and this makes it ideal for cultivation in home greenhouses and small apartments, characterized by poor natural lighting. Therefore, the main task of plant breedingpick a place for the plant in the north or west side of the room where it will be reliably protected from the sun's rays, especially since it can be completely satisfied with only artificial light. If there is no other place, the palm tree will feel great in the depths of the room, away from the windows, which greatly simplifies its cultivation and makes it attractive for novice plant growers.

Temperature

Like all palm trees, Hamedorea loves a warm, but not hot climate. Therefore, if you can provide the plant with a temperature in summer from + 22 ° C to + 25 ° C, and in winter from + 16 ° C to + 18 ° C, then you will be surprised at the rich emerald color of its leaves and relatively fast growth rates. The plant does not tolerate extreme conditions, and therefore, a temperature drop below + 10 ° C will be critical for it and may lead to death.

Care for hamedorea at home

To grow at home overseas beauty, you do not have to spend a lot of time and effort. Having provided her with excellent watering, adequate humidity, periodic feeding, pruning and protection from pests, you can be sure that your pet gets everything you need for normal development.

Watering and humidity

Perhaps the main aspect in growing Hamedorei is to ensure high humidity. In all other matters, the beauty is quite patient, and minor errors in growing are unlikely to cause her significant discomfort. Hamedorea prefers a humid tropical climate, but at home you will not be able to reach the humidity of the tropics, and therefore daily spraying in the summer and 1 or 2 times a week in the winter will help relieve the plant from suffering.

The plant will also gratefully take baths under the shower, and, in addition, water procedures will wash away accumulated dust from its leaves. Also, for cleansing, you can wipe them with a wet sponge 1 or 2 times a month. Regular watering will help ensure a decent standard of living for the plant.

It is true that Hamedorea normally grows and develops, it will be necessary to observe the summer and winter regimes. During its cultivation, it is necessary to try to avoid complete drying, as well as excessive moisture of the earthy coma. In summer, the plant must be watered at least twice, but not more than three times a week. In winter, the palm will have to be watered once or maximum twice a week, avoiding even a slight drying up of the soil.

Remember that excessive watering can be the main cause of rotting palm roots.

Top dressing palm trees

Due to the fact that the active growth stage of the palm tree falls on the period from April to August, it is at this time that it needs fertilization. Plant nutrition is carried out on average at least twice a month. As useful substances for Hamedorei use ready-made fertilizer "Palm", as they contain all the spectrum of useful substances necessary for the plant.

In winter and autumn, your palm tree will not require systematic fertilizer management: it’s quite sufficient if the plant receives fertilizer once a month during this period. If your pet has a healthy and flowering appearance, then you can do without the introduction of feed, as an excessive stimulation of palm growth in winter can cause the formation of weak and non-viable shoots, which will reduce the decorative characteristics of the plant. You should also avoid feeding in the first six months after transplantation of hamedorei.

Leaf pruning

In order for Hamedorea to grow normally, periodic removal of the leaves is necessary, because it is the trimming of the palm tree that is the most important component of its successful cultivation at home.

All yellowed or dried leaves are subject to removal, but following the procedure it is necessary to follow a few simple rules that will help ensure the health of the plant:

  • before pruning, it is necessary to wipe the inventory with alcohol, which will prevent its infection with phytoinfections,
  • dry leaves are cut to live tissue
  • places of cuts are treated with fungicidal preparations.

Hamedorei pest and disease control

Hamedorea is the owner of excellent immunity, and therefore very rarely suffers from diseases. However, with improper care, the plant may be exposed to infection by various types of rot, leaf spotting or drying of the shoots. In this case, you should identify the cause of the problem, review the pet care regime and correct all the shortcomings. If the pests are severely contaminated by pests, insecticides will have to be used.

The most dangerous pests for Hamedorei are mealybug and spider mite. If you notice insects on the leaves of the plant, they should be thoroughly washed with warm water and with soap or dishwashing detergent. This procedure will not destroy insects, but will significantly reduce their population. When spider mite is destroyed, not only the plant should be washed, but the window sill, on which Hamedorea, as well as its pot and saucer stand, should be treated. To combat the pest, use drugs like Akarin, Vertimek or Kleschevit.

The presence of the mealybug will give out small round plaques and a sticky secret formed on the back of the leaves of the plant. With a minor seeding is recommended to wipe the leaves and stems with alcohol or pharmaceutical tincture of calendula. If the above activities are ineffective, you will have to spray the tree with "Fourmotermog" or "Confidant". In the event that the root system of Hamedorei is affected by rot, then it will need to be transplanted, during which it is necessary to remove all the damaged areas and further correct the frequency of its irrigation.

Hamedorea species and varieties

Hamedorea Graceful or elegance has the appearance of a bush with several small trunks that reach 1.5 m tall, the foliage is long, narrow, dull. The flowers are yellow with a pleasant smell.

Hamedorea high bushy species growing to 5 m, and sometimes even higher. Foliage single, has no stipules, placed on long petioles. It begins to bloom 3 years after planting, the petals are pale orange in color.

Hamedorea Bridble the variety is very similar to Hamedorea graceful, but has brighter and more fragrant flowers.

Hamedorea Zeyfritz This species has a rather strong tillering, due to which it has many shoots and foliage. Loves a bright light, unlike relatives.

Hamedorea Metallic this culture is more like coconut palm than Hamedorea. It has a wide leathery foliage with a gray tint. It is also possible to recognize it by one trunk, when, as a rule, there are several of them in most other members of the genus. The height of the trunk is about 2 m. It loves the shadow and getting old becomes only more attractive.

Hamedorea monochrome In general, the appearance of this type is similar to other palm trees, but has a small height - up to 1 m. The flowers of a light yellow shade have the appearance of balls.

Types and varieties of Hamedorei

Hamedorea Graceful or elegance has the appearance of a bush with several small trunks that reach 1.5 m tall, the foliage is long, narrow, dull. The flowers are yellow with a pleasant smell.

Hamedorea high bushy species growing to 5 m, and sometimes even higher. Foliage single, has no stipules, placed on long petioles. It begins to bloom 3 years after planting, the petals are pale orange in color.

Hamedorea Bridble the variety is very similar to Hamedorea graceful, but has brighter and more fragrant flowers.

Hamedorea Zeyfritz This species has a rather strong tillering, due to which it has many shoots and foliage. Loves a bright light, unlike relatives.

Hamedorea Metallic this culture is more like coconut palm than Hamedorea. It has a wide leathery foliage with a gray tint. It is also possible to recognize it by one trunk, when, as a rule, there are several of them in most other members of the genus. The height of the trunk about 2 m.He loves the shadow and getting older becomes only more attractive.

Hamedorea monochrome In general, the appearance of this type is similar to other palm trees, but has a small height - up to 1 m. The flowers of a light yellow shade have the appearance of balls.

Hamedorei transplant at home

Hamedorea is not capricious, but she needs an immediate transplant after purchase. This manipulation will serve as a guarantee of further successful development of the plant. In all other cases, palm transplantation is carried out in the middle of spring. Young specimens need frequent transplantation. This procedure is performed at least once a year. But the plant, which turned more than three years, such frequent changes in the place of growth are no longer needed, as it develops very slowly. Before transplanting, purchase a new pot for Hamedorei. Preference should be given to deep, but not wide specimens, since the root system of the palm tree is quite massive, and therefore a lot of space is required for its development. Wide containers are not suitable for the simple reason that the roots of the plant do not develop in width, but in length and the soil not mastered by the plant will sour, which will negatively affect the development of bushes. Adult palms are transplanted no more than once every three years.

Actually transplantation is performed very rarely, only in extreme cases: if the soil is infected with pests or palm roots are affected by rot. In all other cases, the transshipment is performed with full preservation of the basal earthen lump, since this plant has too delicate microscopic roots that are easily damaged. The important role played by the composition of the earth for the good development of Hamedorei. High-quality substrate consists of equal parts of turf land, perlite, humus and peat. Mandatory moment of successful cultivation of Hamedorei - arrangement of the drainage layer at the bottom of the pot, consisting of fine gravel or claydite.

Methods of reproduction Hamedorei

If you are going to breed Hamedorei, then you will probably be interested to know that the palm tree multiplies in several ways:

  • seeds
  • basal processes,
  • division of the bush.

Any of these methods has its own advantages and disadvantages, and therefore each person must choose the most suitable option for themselves.

Growing from seed

Even a novice can grow Hamedorea from seeds at home. When buying seed should pay attention to the date of its production. The fact is that during storage they quickly grow old, which negatively affects their germination. About every month, seed germination is reduced by 10%. However, the seeds of Hamedorea can be obtained independently if you have plants of both sexes. In order to pollinate the palm-girl with a brush, it is necessary to collect pollen from the male and transfer it to the flowers placed on the female plants. After the palm fruits ripen, you just need to collect the seeds. Before planting, they are soaked for 5 or 6 days in water.

After soaking, the grains are sown one by one in glasses filled with a peat-sand mixture, covered with plastic wrap and put in a warm place before germination. To prevent the seed material from becoming moldy, once a day, a film is lifted up on the cups for fresh air. In addition, it is necessary to systematically spray the ground in the glasses and prevent it from drying out. The period of seed germination is very long. Purchased options sprout over 6 or 8 months, and the collected ones will independently spend from 2 to 3 months. After the first leaf reaches 4 centimeters, the sprout must be transplanted into a regular palm substrate.

Division of the adult bush

Hamedorea reproduces beautifully by dividing the bush. This method is very simple and consists in planting several plants grown from densely planted seeds in their own pots.

Technology reproduction Hamedorei bush division:

  • carefully remove the plant from the tank,
  • we divide the bush into the required number of parts,
  • Each part is planted in its own pot.

For reproduction of palm trees in this way, the middle or the end of spring is most suitable. When carrying out the manipulation of important components of a successful operation is the use of dimmed light, ensuring air humidity of about 50%, abundant watering and air temperature not more than + 30 ° C.

Radical shoots

The vegetative breeding variant of Hamedorea with rosettes is a convenient and simple way that many amateur growers use. This method is quite simple, and its implementation will not take much time. Separated from the maternal bush young basal shoots are transplanted into separate pots. Technologically, the method is practically no different from the reproduction of palm trees by dividing the bush. HamedoreaThis is an unpretentious beautiful palm tree, with the cultivation of which even a beginner florist can handle. The plant will easily turn even the most gloomy apartment into a paradise.

Location and lighting

Indoor palm trees should not stand in a completely dark corner or in direct sunlight. Lighting should be moderate (you can use a place in the penumbra). From the correct lighting will depend on the appearance of Hamedorei. Bright sunshine "burn out" the leaves, make them not attractive.

Since hamedorea grows to a decent size and takes up a lot of space, choose a place for the plant in the corner of the room (near the window openings) or in the pier between the windows. In such a place it will look great and will not interfere with others. This unpretentious plant can grow well with artificial light.

When choosing a place for Hamedorei, it is worth remembering that a sharp change of high and low temperatures will negatively affect the condition of the palm tree. It should be in a place where there will be no cold drafts.

In the warm season, the room needs to be ventilated, and it is better to take the plant out to the veranda or balcony so that it can enjoy the fresh air.

Palma hamedorea - description

Hamedorea is a deciduous plant. It is because of the beautiful feathery leaves and this palm tree is grown at home. Hamedorea flowers are devoid of brightness and decorativeness and are interesting only because they can bloom at any time of the year. They are small, slightly velvety, bright yellow colors, appear on the peduncle in random order along its entire length. Many growers generally recommend removing flowers at the budding stage so as not to weaken the plant with flowering.

What else needs to be considered if you decide to grow Hamedorea at home? Prepare for the fact that this palm tree is slowly growing, however, like other palm trees, especially for those that grow from seed: a seed sprout pecks for an incredibly long time - it can “sit” motionless in the ground for more than six months.

Well and most importantly, you need to know before you plant or buy Hamedorei: she likes very humid air. And now about the issues of care more.

Lighting and temperature.

Maybe someone will decide that the palm tree is a lover of the sun, heat and light. This is not quite true: in tropical forests, it is located at medium levels of height, therefore it is illuminated by diffuse sunlight, and at home Hamedorea should stand in partial shade. Since the plant is rather large, find an angle opposite the southern or eastern window for it, so that the sun's rays illuminate the plant, but do not burn its leaves.

In summer, Hamedoree requires shading in the period from 10 to 17 hours.

Turn the pot with the plant around the axis so that the leaves grow in different directions.

As for the need of a palm tree in high temperature, it is true, Hamedorea really loves heat. The temperature of the soil in winter should not fall below 16 ° C, otherwise the roots will hurt and the plant will die. In summertime, the optimal temperature for hamedorea is 18-27 ° C, although if it is warmer, hamedorea will not offend you.

This is perhaps the most important moment in the care of Hamedorea. This plant is very fond of moist air. Spraying is an obligatory procedure for caring for this flower, from which you are exempt only in the winter period, and then if the room is cool, but if the air in your house is very dry, you will have to arrange spraying in winter.

For spraying you need to take clean settled warm water. In the summer it is better to collect rain, which is used for irrigation and spraying.

It is advisable to put a container with water next to the flower, which will constantly evaporate. And if you are the owner of several palm trees, you will have to buy a humidifier.

Watering Hamedorei.

Watering is also an important part of the care for hamedorea, and the main task is not to overwet the soil. In general, I noticed that tropical plants prefer moist air, but not wet soil. If they are watered without measure, their roots will rot, so the frequency of watering for the palm tree Hamedorea is determined as the top layer of the soil dries out. And in winter it is better to even wait for the earthen coma to dry 3-4 cm deep. Do not let water stagnate in the pot. If this happens, the plant will die. And the first symptom of stagnation of water in the pot is an unpleasant, rotten smell from the substrate, darkening of the stem at the base and yellowing of the leaves. But make no mistake: the dry tips of the leaves are a sign of insufficient air humidity.

Top dressing Hamedorei.

Fertilizing Hamedoreu need from April to August - the entire active growing season. Frequency - 1-2 times per month. You need to use only specialized mineral fertilizers, it is better in the form of granules, but also suitable solutions. This is what I would not feed palms, so this is our folk fertilizer: after all, Hamedorea is an exotic plant.

Soil for palm trees and transplant Hamedorei.

Replant room palm need as often as dictated by the intensity of growth. Young plants grow faster in size, so they often need to be transplanted from a smaller pot to a larger one. It is best to transplant Hamedorea for the first time in a year, and the next time in two years. Later, when Hamedorea reaches an impressive size, she will need a transplant no more than once every 3-4 years. A very large palm cannot be disturbed at all, so as not to damage it. It is necessary only once a year to pour into the pot a new earthen mixture.

A newly purchased plant must be transplanted from a temporary pot to a permanent one, and it is desirable to do this as quickly as possible. Transplantation should be carried out by the method of transshipment, that is, as much as possible keeping an earthen ball on the roots.

When it is time to transplant hamedorea, worry to purchase a suitable land mixture. Its composition may be approximately as follows: turf ground (2 parts), humus (2 parts), peat (2 parts), perlite (2 parts). It is better to sterilize the humus and turf ground. Many do it simply in the microwave, placing in a tight bag. After this we will have to air the room, but the unpleasant smell will disappear quickly.

Hamedorei pruning.

So that your hamedorea does not resemble a careless broom, you sometimes have to be a hairdresser for it: cut off sick, damaged and dried leaves. This should be done as close as possible to their base, so that a fungal or bacterial infection does not spread. From the same considerations, shears for cutting leaves are rubbed with alcohol. After the procedure, it is necessary to treat the cut sites of the plant with fungicides.

Diseases Hamedorei.

Most often, Hamedorea suffers from spider mites and mealybugs, which appear in case of insufficient humidity of the air in the room, as well as leaf spot and pink rot in the case of over-wetting the soil.

Preventive measures: humidify the air in time, and do not fill the ground. The treatment consists in double treatment of the plant with fungicides with an interval of a week. You can get rid of spider mites with insecticide treatment by holding it twice with an interval of seven days.

If you are going to grow a palm tree at home, be sure to learn the rules of its agricultural technology, and then there will be no problems with taking care of hamedorea at home. Strictly following the rules of caring for a plant, you take care of it, and the plant will surely show its appreciation, proudly demonstrating to everyone its health and beauty.

Hamedorea watering

During active growth, the plant must be constantly watered. The hotter the room, the more often you need watering. At the same time, they are guided by the drying of the top layer of the soil - when it dries out, watering is carried out, it is impossible to allow strong drying or complete drying.

Also stagnant water is harmful, as it causes decay, so it’s better to forget to water once rather than pour. Water the flower should be soft settled with warm water, with a temperature not lower than room temperature. In winter, watering should be no more than once every 7 days.

Hamedorea loves high humidity. It needs to be sprayed a couple of times a day, and when there is an opportunity to wash under a warm shower.

Soil for Hamedorei

This culture likes heavy soils with a weak acid reaction. The substrate for it can be made from hardwood and sod land, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 3: 1: 1.

You can also buy special soil for palm trees and mix it with charcoal. At the bottom of the pot should be put drainage of broken bricks or expanded clay.

Hamedorea transplant

It is difficult to find exact information about transplants. Different flower growers differ in opinions from “repot when there is a need for it”, to “not repot”. This palm tree grows better in a cramped pot, so while it is young it can be transplanted annually.

When the transplant is difficult, it will be enough to replace the upper ball of the soil, and the transplant can be done when the roots completely fill the tub and climb through the drainage holes.

Fertilizer for Hamedorei

During the growing season, namely from spring to October, Hamedorey is fertilized. Once for 15 days they apply liquid fertilizer for palm trees in full concentration or for decorative leafy plants with half the norm.

Hamedorea is often appreciated for the fact that it can bloom in indoor conditions, although in general its flowering is not highly decorative. It is worth noting that flowering usually begins 3 years after planting.

It happens that young or weak individuals after flowering stop growing due to exhaustion, but, as a rule, after the next feeding, everything returns to normal.

Hamedorea seed growing

Hamedorea can be propagated by seed, offspring and, as it is not surprising for a palm tree, by dividing a bush.

The problem of seed reproduction is that it is dioecious and pollination is a big problem. Yes, and to achieve seedlings in the presence of seed material is also not easy.

Seeds deepen by 1 cm and germinated in the greenhouse at 26-27 ° C. It is very important that the temperature and humidity always remain high, otherwise the material may not germinate. Usually shoots appear after a month and a half after planting.

Hamedorei reproduction at home

When the palm tree has enough root system, it will start to sprout, which can be separated from the parent, when they have their roots.

By dividing the bush resorted during transplantation of large and strong individuals that have grown strongly.When grown in indoor conditions, Hamedorea very rarely grows to a state acceptable for division.

But in the stores they often sell several specimens planted in one pot, rather than one palm tree. If this happens, then when the plant is acclimatized, you can carefully divide it into several parts and sit down.

Hamedorea disease

If you break the rules of care with hamedorrhea, there can be a number of problems.

  • Dry tips of foliage indicate too dry air.
  • Yellowing on the leaves appears when placed in direct sunlight or when watered with hard water.
  • With root decay the plant begins to wilck, wither and perish. In this case, it is necessary to cut rotten roots and transplant to new soil, not forgetting the drainage, it is also important to normalize watering.
  • Darkening and brown spots on foliage formed from excess moisture or from too low temperatures, it can also occur due to watering with hard water.
  • At low temperature foliage turns black and wilts.
  • Bottom leaves with aging themselves begin to fade and fall. There is nothing terrible in it, and when they lose their decorative appearance, they can be trimmed.

Hamedorea pests

If kept too dry, air may appear. spider mitewhich makes itself felt yellow spots on the foliage and thin spiderwebs. To get rid of the pest, you can wash the plant with soapy water or spray it with onion peel. If there are a lot of pests, it is better to resort to insecticide.

Shchitovku can be determined by brown growths on foliage. It is difficult to remove them, but simple spraying with preparations will help weakly, therefore it is necessary to moisten the cloth with an insecticide and tear off the shields manually.

Mealybug leaves white vatoobrazny plaque. The pest can be collected manually, but it will only help at the initial stage, and in the future it will be necessary to resort to chemical preparations.

Among insecticides can be distinguished Actellic, which copes well with all the above pests. One has only to note that in case of a massive defeat, it may be necessary to re-process it in a week.

Air humidity

Great importance for Hamedorei is humidity. If the air in the room is too dry, then dark leaves can appear on the leaves of the palm tree, and a dangerous pest, a spider mite, can also start. To avoid this, it is necessary to use daily spraying of the plant. Such a shower will not only moisten the plant itself, but also increase the humidity of the air.

Soil mixture for growing hamedorei can be purchased at the fruit shop; a universal land for horse plants is quite suitable. But you can make this mixture yourself: humus, peat, river sand and sod land. Each component is taken in equal parts. At the bottom of the tank need to pour a good drainage.

Fertilizers and fertilizers

Feeding Hamedorei palm are needed only in the period of active growth - from April to September. At this time, you need to twice a month to apply fertilizer specifically designed for palm trees or any complex mineral fertilizer.

Some growers recommend transplanting hamedorea depending on its age: young plants every year, and adults every three years. Professionals with extensive experience and experience still offer to do Hamedorei transplant only if necessary.

Such a need may be the growth and development of the plant. If the palm becomes crowded in a small flower pot, then you need to transfer it to a large container. With age, the plant will need to transplant in a real tub or keg. It is quite difficult to transplant an adult plant: it becomes heavy in weight and too bulky. In such cases, try to replace the transplant with an update of the upper layer of the soil.

The acute need to transplant palm trees will be the presence of a disease or a large number of pests, as well as acidification of the soil. If the situation is not critical, then the best time for this process is the first month of spring, when active plant growth has not yet begun.

Diseases and pests

With good care palm pests are not terrible. But one of them, a spider mite, can bring a lot of trouble to a plant. When it is detected, you must take action immediately.

The plant can dry the tips of the leaves - this indicates a lack of humidity. The acquired palm began to turn yellow leaves - this is how the period of habituation to new living conditions goes. Periodically dying off the lower leaves of a plant is an absolutely normal process.

Hamedorea Ernest-Augusta

This is a bush plant that reaches a little over one meter in height. The trunk is dense reed, two-bladed leaves (usually about 10 pieces), flowers of red shade. In the nodules of the stems are aerial roots, which simplify the procedure of reproduction. This is the hallmark of this type of palm.

Botanical features

Adult room hamedorea can grow up to 1-1.5 m. Usually, the maximum plant height does not exceed 60 cm. For pomp and showiness, bushy, peristalisum palm trees are planted in heaps: three or more plants in one pot. Hamedorea is growing very slowly, releasing only two or three new branches in a year.

  • Trunk. Thin, straight, visually reminiscent of bamboo stalks. The branches have a diameter of two and a half to three centimeters.
  • Leaves. A distinctive feature of the leaves Hamedorei - length from 40 to 60 cm, delicate feathery form. On each trunk grows six to seven leaves, collected in the outlet. The young foliage is pale green, with age it changes its “pale” color to rich emerald green. For the year on the palm tree grows only one or two full sheets.
  • Flowers As a dioecious plant, home palm has fragrant male and female inflorescences. Hamedorea blooms at a young age, quite often, regardless of the season. Sufficiently long peduncles are produced from the leaf sinuses. Small and velvety yellow flowers Hamedorei like mimosa. Inflorescences-panicles are located along the entire length of the peduncle. Nondescript flowers do not represent any decoration, therefore, experienced growers recommend removing them even during budding, so as not to weaken the plant.
  • Fruit. After flowering of Hamedorei, small pea fruits are formed. Their size is not more than 6 mm in diameter. Berries when ripe become black. Inside each is one seed.

Types and varieties of bamboo palm

Under natural conditions, bamboo palm has more than one hundred varieties, but indoor varieties of Hamedorei are much smaller. The most popular are five species.

  1. Hamedorea is elegant. The variety is also known as Elegance, Hitmilis and Neanta beautiful. This is the most numerous species, distinguished by an elegant look. A dense rosette of leaves, similar to feathers, rests on thin stems, which over time can change color from green to brown. Hamedorei Elegance does not have a central trunk. Flowers have a light yellow color with a pleasant aroma. Fruits appear as a result of artificial pollination.
  2. Hamedorei Ernest-August. This ornamental plant is rare. It has a trunk, the top of which is crowned with a “cap” of a small number of whole leaves (usually eight to ten). The leaf bifurcated at the ends is bizarre in shape, resembles a heart. As it grows, it begins to divide into segments. Maximum sheet size: 20-25 cm wide, 50-60 cm long. Ernest-Augusta flowers of intense red color. Another characteristic feature is aerial roots, by means of which the palm tree multiplies. Such hamedorea is the most lush and voluminous.
  3. Hamedorea is high.Palm, which annually "throws" giant three-meter "bamboo" stalks. Leaves - pointed form, the color of bright green. Orange flowers are gathered in panicle inflorescences.
  4. Hamedorea monochrome. This is the most enduring and undemanding Chamaedorea, which shows signs of external resemblance to elegant hamedorea. The variety is characterized by a higher density of the bush, elongated internodes, thinner and long leaves, resembling reeds. In proportion, the branch with leaves looks a little awkward. Interestingly, for the first time a palm tree blooms when it reaches 70 years of age.
  5. Hamedorea metal. It has wide, leathery leaves, with a characteristic greenish-metallic color, which shine with polished silver in the sun. Hamedorea Metallica is found mainly in collectors.

Soil requirements

To grow a healthy plant, the roots need to create a favorable nutrient medium. Hamedoree requires a light, loose soil mixture. The best option is to purchase a universal soil for palm trees. To independently prepare the soil mixture, in equal parts take peat, river sand, soddy soil, humus. The last two components before planting Hamedorei better sterilized, calcined in the oven.

Pot selection

Choosing a pot for room Hamedorei, prefer clay and ceramic to plastic. It is important that the capacity is high and stable. An ideal habitat for bamboo palm trees will be the classic tub.

Although the plant is undemanding and withstands even poor soil, stimulate its growth with fertilizers. The period of feeding - from spring to the arrival of autumn. The easiest way to feed hamedorea is to use a solution of mineral fertilizers for palm trees several times a month. When applying means, be sure to follow the instructions.

The owner of the beautiful Hamedorei will have to become her personal hairdresser. If you do not want your palm to resemble a broom, periodically give it the desired shape. Also, the procedure involves the removal of diseased, damaged, dried leaves. The slices are sprinkled with crushed activated charcoal or charcoal, sometimes treated with fungicides.

Transplant rules

Bamboo palm is a plant that does not like any external interference. Transplantation is a great stress for Hamedorea and should be made no more than once every three to four years. Please note that the need for transplantation is not associated with an increase in the size of the palm itself. In this case, it is enough to pour an earthen mixture into the pot annually. The reason for replacing it with a larger one should be the complete filling of the container with roots.

Experienced growers do not recommend replanting Hamedorea immediately after purchase, for a start she needs to settle down in a new environment. After a two-week adaptation period, the palm tree, which is very susceptible to the exposure of the roots, is transplanted by the transshipment method. Pre-moisten the soil in the transport pot to remove the plant without difficulty. For successful transhipment adhere to five recommendations:

  • fill the bottom of the new pot with drainage - to a height of 5 cm, and then add sterilized primer about 10 cm further,
  • gently pull Hamedorea out of the pot - it's important not to destroy the lump with roots,
  • cut the roots off with a sharp knife - cut off the rolled, thin roots that look like felt,
  • place the palm tree in the pot - fill the free space with soil, compact,
  • pour freshly transplanted Hamedorea - water at room temperature, and protect it from the midday sun for a couple of weeks by organizing moderate watering.

3 breeding methods

Bamboo palm tree looks like an interior classic, bringing elegance and grace to the decor of the living room, bedroom. Therefore, the desire of the owners of this impressive tropical plant to multiply Hamedoria is quite understandable.There are three variants of cultivation: from seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush.

Features Growing Hamedorea from seeds at home is not the most effective way to grow. The germination period is quite long: from two to eight months. Only fresh seeds give good germination, so always be interested in the shelf life of the purchased seed. Independently get the seeds only after artificial pollination.

  1. Pre-soak the seeds of Hamedorei for five days. Prepare disposable glasses, make drainage holes in them.
  2. Perform mechanical scarification of seeds: using a fine file or emery paper, gently break the upper hard shell. According to flower growers, such an operation stimulates germination: the seeds quickly pick up moisture and swell.
  3. Pour the soil into disposable cups (approximate level - one and a half centimeters below the edge). Press the seeds down one or two centimeters into the soil. Do not sprinkle with earth.
  4. Water, cover with polyethylene to create greenhouse conditions.
  5. Usually seeds sprout in a couple of months. When the first leaf grows to a size of two to four centimeters, seedlings can be planted in separate pots.

Dividing bush

Features Hamedorei reproduction by dividing is suitable for large, strongly overgrown plants. This fastest method of cultivation is used in the process of transplanting palm trees.

  • Remove the plant from the pot, gently shake off the soil.
  • Cut off unhealthy roots (dry or rotten).
  • "Unravel" the roots at the junctions, carefully sever them with a sharp knife. In no case can not tear the plant. Shoots with at least three to four roots are suitable for further planting.
  • Spikes of five pieces landed in suitable size pots, leave in partial shade. Cover the container with polyethylene and arrange the bottom heating, provide Hamedorei bushes with high temperature and humidity.
  • Every day, two or three times moisten the "seedlings" of the spray. Water when the top layer of the earth is completely dry.
  • To adapt to new sprouts will take one or two months. Take care, as for the adult palm trees.

Consequences of improper care

Home palms, despite the ease of care, sometimes get sick. This is reflected in their decorative. Problems may occur due to incorrect content. In time, the measures taken will return health and attractiveness to the tropical beauty. The table will help you to understand the errors of care, to choose a method of treatment.

Hamedorea fertilizer

During the growing season, namely from spring to October, Hamedorey is fertilized. Once for 15 days they apply liquid fertilizer for palm trees in full concentration or for decorative leafy plants with half the norm.

Hamedorea is often appreciated for the fact that it can bloom in indoor conditions, although in general its flowering is not highly decorative. It is worth noting that flowering usually begins 3 years after planting.

It happens that young or weak individuals after flowering stop growing due to exhaustion, but, as a rule, after the next feeding, everything returns to normal.

Hamedorea breeding at home

When the palm tree has enough root system, it will start to sprout, which can be separated from the parent, when they have their roots.

By dividing the bush resorted during transplantation of large and strong individuals that have grown strongly. When grown in indoor conditions, Hamedorea very rarely grows to a state acceptable for division.

But in the stores they often sell several specimens planted in one pot, rather than one palm tree. If this happens, then when the plant is acclimatized, you can carefully divide it into several parts and sit down.

Bamboo palm - the secrets of growing lush greenery

Bamboo palm or hamedorea is an exotic decorative leaf tree of the Palm family from the southern regions of Mexico and America. In the wild, this palm tree bears fruit and grows up to 2 m in height. At home, you can grow a flower with a height of 1.5 m. Bamboo palm Hamedorea has several other names - Collinia, Neant and Mountain Palm.

Types of bamboo palm

When buying a plant, you should consider the state of its decorative foliage and the availability of new offspring. It is better to buy a young flower of small size. Hamedorea grows very slowly, so an adult plant will be very expensive.

The most popular varieties of indoor palm trees, which are successfully grown at home:

  • Hamedorea is elegant - this type of room palm is loved by many growers. An unpretentious indoor plant has 8 pairs of feathery leaves, located on 2 m shoots, and beautiful flowers of a pale yellow shade with a pleasant aroma. Caring for Hamedorea graceful is quite simple. The plant grows quite successfully in a shaded place.
  • Monochromatic Hamedorea - unpretentious flower, actively growing in the shade. This variety can reach 3 m in height. In appearance, this indoor flower is similar to Hamedoree graceful. The only difference is the presence of elongated and thinner leaves.
  • Hamedorea Ernest-Augusta is a short-growing plant with whole bilobed leaves at the tips and bright orange flowers. A distinctive feature of this variety is the presence of air roots in the nodes of the stems.
  • Hamedorea high refers to the large varieties of bamboo palm. In some cases, the plant can reach 5 m in height. It has large leaves 1.5 m long with densely arranged leaves of 12-16 pairs.

Rules care naughty beauty

The main care for Hamedorea at home is as follows.

This shade-loving plant prefers moderate light rather than bright light. Bamboo palm can not stand the sun's rays and can suffer from them very much. Its leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. The best place to keep it will be the windows from the east and west.

For this tropical plant requires a moderate temperature. In the summer, it is suitable for temperatures in the range of 18-23 degrees, in winter - 16-18 degrees. In summer, the plant can be placed on the balcony in the shade.

With the onset of cold weather, bamboo palm is placed away from the heaters.

It is very important timely care, so as not to ruin the plant.

Hamedorea - moisture-loving flower and responds very well to frequent spraying. Both in summer and in winter, it is moistened at least twice a day.

Indoor palm tree requires abundant watering and only after the top layer of soil dries out. Moistening the soil 2-3 times a week will be quite sufficient.

Making feedings. During the growing season (spring and summer) plants are fertilized every 14 days. As fertilizing it is recommended to use preparations for dracen or palm or fertilizer for indoor flowers.

In autumn and winter, when the plant is at rest, feeding is stopped. It will require competent care, because the correct and timely introduction of dressings affects the appearance of the plant and its abundant flowering.

Transplant procedure

The best time to transplant hamedorei at home is the beginning of spring.

For its transplanting, a special soil mixture for palm or universal soil will be suitable, in which vermiculite or perlite should be added. These components will make the soil loose and light.

The bottom of the pot is filled with drainage, then ground. For transplantation, you must use a pot with a diameter of 2-3 cm more than the previous one.

Transplantation of young room Hamedorei at home is carried out every year or one year. It all depends on how much the root system has filled the pot.Adult plants must be transplanted once every 3 years. Bamboo palm trees planted in tubs are not transplanted. They just change the top layer of soil.

Pruning and flowering

  1. Hamedorea does not need regular pruning to form a bush. In order to prevent a simple procedure is carried out removal of yellowed and dried leaves and flowers.

If the plant is completely healthy, receives proper care and attention, then Hamedorea can bloom at any time of the year. Depending on the variety, flowers in bamboo palm trees are orange-red and light yellow color.

Female flowers emit a pleasant aroma, male - odorless.

Possible problems

Hamedorea, like many other palm plants, can be affected by diseases and pests. Of course, the most common cause of bamboo palm disease is improper and untimely care.

If the air in the room is too dry, then the tips of the leaves begin to dry and turn yellow in Hamedorei.

Excess moisture and low temperature conditions lead to rotting of the plant root system. In winter, the plant needs to reduce watering and protect it from hypothermia.

Optimize the care of this amazing indoor plant, create all the necessary conditions for its maintenance, and Hamedorea will surely please you with a lush flowering and a healthy look.

Features of cultivation Hamedorei

This plant belongs to the most undemanding, it can grow even in the most adverse conditions. Hamedorea can be grown by novice amateurs and heavily loaded workaholics.

These palm trees can withstand the content in cramped pots, and irregular or rare watering, and being in the shade, and depleted poor earth.

Hamedorei landing

Plant a palm tree can be seeds or young bushes. The latter option is lighter and shorter.

Ways of landing Hamedorei

Planting material has a short shelf life. Even the seeds of a year ago are very weak germination. Ideally, they should be sown immediately after harvest.

Seeds should be soaked in water and left for 4-6 days, then clean off the fleshy coating and file a hard shell. Such measures accelerate the germination of seeds.

Next, planting material is placed in a light substrate of perlite, sand and garden soil, taken in equal shares. The soil can be poured into individual plastic cups or one large box. Seeds are placed at a depth of 1-1.5 cm sawn side down and do not fall asleep on top.

In the future, planting should be in a constantly high humidity - in a special greenhouse or under the cover of glass. Germination may take from 5 to 8 months.

Planting seedlings

For a small bush, you do not need to take a big pot - it can be a bit larger than the root system, which will grow. A layer of stones is laid on the bottom for drainage and weighting, then a seedling is placed in the ground.

A young palm can settle down only in the constant dampness of the soil. To do this, you can stretch the polyethylene film on the pot or moisten the substrate every day.

Full-fledged independent plant can be obtained in 3-5 months.

How to choose the right soil?

Soil for Hamedorei should be very loose, do not clog and not tamped with time, have a high permeability and nutritional value, contain organic and nitrogenous substances. You can buy a special soil for palm trees in the store, but it is more reliable to mix it yourself. You will need: humus, turf soil, perlite or vermiculite, high-moor peat in equal shares.

In this mixture, you can add a broken angle in small pieces to disinfect the soil and its additional loosening.

Watering mode

From early spring to mid-autumn, the ground should always be wet, but without stagnant water in it. You should not wait for the surface to dry, pouring Hamedorey as often as possible.

In a cold period of time, it is also not worth it. It is acceptable to dry the substrate 2-3 cm deep. But note that the lack of moisture causes the yellowing of the color on the leaves and the extinction of their tips.

IMPORTANT! It is impossible to flood a palm tree in winter! Dry and warm air and the substrate will help prevent the death of Hamedorea from putrefactive fungi.

Top dressing and fertilizers Hamedorei.

During the period of intensive watering, the palm tree also needs additional nourishment. For her suitable complexes of trace elements, which gradually dissolve in the soil. Fertilizers should not contain calcium! In the natural soil of tropical forests, this element is absent.

Mandatory operation for Hamedorei, which is carried out for sanitary and decorative purposes. Adult palms grow strongly, eventually beginning to resemble an old tattered broom. Haircut gives them a beautiful shape and neat look.

Trimming methods

The procedure is carried out at any time as needed. The knife or pruner is disinfected with alcohol and begins to cut off the damaged, dried, in whole or in part, diseased leaves. The cut is made as close as possible to the base to ensure a beautiful view without hemp.

All open wounds and sections are treated with any available fungicide, including ash, potassium permanganate solution, activated carbon powder.

Hamedorea requires transplantation only at a young age. During this period, it increases in size, gradually growing out of the pot. Mature and old palm trees are rarely transplanted. Signal to the operation are the roots, which begin to look out of the holes at the bottom. Young palms can be moved every spring.

Ways to transplant

Palm trees of any age simply roll over into a new container, trying not to damage the clod of soil with its roots.

TIP! It is recommended to cut the felt layer of small roots with a knife in order to easily place the palm tree in a new pot and stimulate the formation of new root processes.

Large Hamedorei preferably not touch, periodically replacing only the surface of the soil. If a transplant is really needed, it is carried out according to a certain technology.

On the eve it is necessary to shed the substrate well for its softening. Before the operation, wrap all the leaves in a bag and fix them so that they do not interfere. Gently remove the upper layers of the soil, then the side. Remove the clod of earth together with the plant, transfer it to a new container, partially filled with a new substrate, fill it up. Remove the bag fixing the leaves, place the palm in its usual place.

What to do after flowering?

Most gardeners prefer to destroy the still unopened buds. There is little beauty from them, but it is quite able to loosen palm flowers.

TIP! In any case, if you leave the flowers or tear them off, you need to feed the palm tree with mineral complexes in order to restore its energy and strength.

Hamedorea Graceful (Elegance)

The most popular species, most often living in rooms. It has a creeping stalk, from which a multitude of thin shoots with strongly feathery leaves rise up. The adult palm tree resembles a spreading shrub, reaching a width of 3-5 m. The height of the plant is about 1.6-1.8m.

The variety Hamedorei Bribdl grows slightly smaller sizes, has a beautiful noble color of emerald hue.

Problems, diseases and pests in the flower

Diseases often develop in winter with increased watering. Hamedorea palm may suffer from pink rot or leaf spot. The rot is manifested by lesion of the trunk and leaves, which begin to secrete a brown liquid with pink spores. Spotting is very easy to notice - the leaves are covered with painful spots of incomprehensible color.

TIP! Hamedorei infections are caused by putrefactive fungi that can be destroyed by using fungicides such as Skora, Fundazole, Okihoma.

The succulent palm leaves can attract some pests - any caterpillars, aphids, mealybugs and spider mites. Modern insecticides (Tanrek, Aktellik) or biological preparations (Akarin, Agravertin) should be used against them.

Useful tips (florist note)

  • The palm leaves turn white and development stops if it lacks such fertilizer as nitrogen.
  • The plant does not give offspring and develops poor roots with cool content. Having watered with cold water, not enough warm air has a detrimental effect on hamedorea, preventing it from fully developing.

Features care for hamedorea at home: bamboo palm

In the world there are a huge number of tropical plants that can significantly transform the room and make it irresistible. Some varieties are in great demand and interest many gardeners, and, both professionals and beginners.

Due to the amazing exotic appearance, presented luxurious buds, graceful and lush leaves with incredible shape and color, as well as simplicity in terms of choice of habitat, they can turn the standard and dull interior of any home into a real green oasis.

If you are wondering about choosing a beautiful tropical guest for your home, be sure to pay attention to one unique creation. - Hamedorea. The flower is a luxurious decorative leafy plant, which is often called the home bamboo palm.

Hamedorei Description

At the same time, the Hamedorea palm tree remains a rather fragile creation, which quickly “crosses out” the usual idea of ​​palm trees as strong plants with a thick trunk and dense leathery type leaves.

This tropical inhabitant is considered one of the few bush trees with bushy forms.

In most cases, when the pot content grows a small number of trunks, which eventually turn into openwork feathery leaves, characterized by unique decorative features. They make the palm tree so popular among florists.

As for the inflorescences, they look unattractive and do not represent a special decorative value.

The main advantage of such formations is the ability to appear at the most unexpected moment and at any time of the year, so do not be alarmed if your palm tree blooms accidentally. Externally, the flowers are painted in yellow tones and have a velvety structure, resembling mimosa.

Many owners of such flowers believe that for a more productive growth of the inflorescence should be cut, especially if we talk about the peduncles of young specimens.

The fact is that the budding period takes a lot of power from the plant. Although the rest of the group of gardeners is of the opinion that this is just fiction, and to maintain the palm tree in its normal state, it is sufficiently regularly to feed it with the help of proven mineral complexes.

Bamboo palm was found in the tropical regions of Central and South America, among dense jungle thickets. The representative of the palm family grows up to two meters in height, because of which he prefers places with good shading.

As for indoor growing, in such an environment, palm growth is relatively slow. In one year, it produces 2-3 new sheets, each longer than the previous one. This perennial bush for a long time retains the same size, while the maximum length of an adult individual rarely exceeds one and a half meters.

You can appreciate the external advantages of bamboo palm through photos, which are represented in a wide variety on the pages of the global network.

Hamedorei species

Currently, botanists and flower growers emit more than a hundred different types of palm trees that are suitable for growing in a room setting. Most often, as a home flower use the following varieties:

  • Hamedorea Bridble,
  • Hamedorea is elegant,
  • Hamedorea elegans,
  • Hamedorea is high,
  • Hamedorei Ernest-August,

You can find out what a single variety looks like with the help of numerous photos available on floricultural resources.

High demand hamedorei is in special demand., which has a unique decorative properties and unpretentious character. Representatives of the species live quietly in any room environment and do not need intensive care. As the growths of the inflorescence are filled with tiny flowers with a bright orange tint, which form paniculate or spicate inflorescences.

An elegant bamboo palm, like the previous one, creates a young sprout from the root system, and on each trunk there are up to 7 pinnate leaves with long petioles and narrow lanceolate lobes. When the flower is 3-4 years old, it begins to form paniculate inflorescences with the same small flowers.

Monochromatic Hamedorea possesses a reed stem with long internodes that are surrounded by dry sheaths of dead leaf plates. Treats the most unpretentious flowers with very strong immunity.

Hamedorea: home care

If you are seriously thinking about growing a representative of the tropical flora in your home, do not forget that such a creature needs some exotic living conditions.

And based on the fact that they are absent in our latitudes, you will have to create a specialized environment yourself.

And although Hamedorea does not show capriciousness in terms of care, ignoring some of the rules of its content can cause a quick death or loss of the decorative properties of the flower.

An important prerequisite for care is proper lighting. Many believe that the palm tree needs more light, but this opinion is a mistake. Palm grows well when exposed to scattered rays and tolerates excellent stay in the shade. The most successful place for growing bamboo palm trees can be called the eastern and western windowsill.

At the same time, good growth activity is also noticeable on the north side. Regardless of the placement of the flower container, it is important to run away from the aggressive effects of direct UV rays on Hamedoria. For growth to be more productive, at least once a month you need to turn the pot in the opposite direction.

Such a step will preserve the beautiful symmetry of the crown.

Regarding temperature and humiditythen these indicators play a key role in the home maintenance of bamboo palm trees.

It is important that the temperature index varies in the range of 18-22 degrees in summer, and does not fall below 16 degrees in winter.

If the thermometer marks are inappropriate, this may entail irreparable consequences, including the development of dangerous diseases in the form of root lesions and putrefactive processes.

If the temperature exceeds the allowable, you will have to increase the humidity indicators in the room and ensure good ventilation. In the summer period, Hamedorea is elegant and Hamedorea Elegance should be intensively sprayed, at least twice a day. You can also use a humidifier to maintain a comfortable humidity.

In winter, the procedure for moistening can not be carried out, otherwise the risk of various fungi and putrefying processes will be maximum. Increased air dryness and extreme temperatures often adversely affect the decorativeness of the flower.

Also, such conditions cause the appearance of spider mites, preferring a dry habitat.

Proper watering and fertilizing

You can not imagine the right care for bamboo palm Hamedorea without balanced watering. In the warm season, such a procedure should be active and abundant, which is explained by the rapid development of new shoots and stems in general.

At the same time, watering the plant, it is important not to allow the destructive stagnation of the liquid in the container where the flower is grown. The intensity of irrigation should depend on the condition of the soil. For the next procedure, it should dry properly. In winter, the frequency is reduced to a minimum.

Otherwise, it can lead to the appearance of putrid formations and the complete death of the flower. However, drying out the soil is highly undesirable.

When there is a period of rest, Hamedoria can not be fed, otherwise such an action will cause the formation of new young shoots, which in case of insufficient illumination cannot fully form and spoil the decorative appeal of the palm tree.

It is also not recommended to use at home complex fertilizers for the treatment of young specimens that have recently been transplanted.

As for the rest of the plants, they should be regularly fed using ready-made tools that are available in specialized stores.

Transplant features

Transplant of young plants once a season, in spring.

In the future, the need for such a procedure will be determined by the growth rate: if the root system expands greatly and it does not have enough space in the pot, the plant needs to be transplanted into a more spacious container.

Upon reaching impressive size, transfer work will be necessary only after 3-4 years. As for adults, they are transplanted by transshipment, trying not to disturb them with unnecessary interference. The procedure should be done in exceptional cases, including:

  • the need for breeding
  • preventive measures due to soil contamination,

For a productive transplant at the bottom of the pot should be placed:

  • expanded clay
  • pebbles
  • pieces of broken brick,

Experts do not advise to deepen the plant too much when re-planting. The soil should be at the same level.

As already stated Hamedorei rhizome is characterized by a strong and strong structurethat obliges flower growers to use dense soil formulations. Not bad proven ready-made purchase options that are available in specialized stores. The ideal substrate consists of turf soil, which is stirred by one part of the sheet soil, peat and sand.

Before you start using self-made soil, it must be properly sterilized. Otherwise, it can develop various dangerous microorganisms and pests that will soon turn the existence of a bamboo palm into a real nightmare.

Reproduction peculiarities of palm trees

Hamedoree graceful, Hamedorea elegans and other popular varieties of bamboo palm breed by the following methods:

  1. using seeds,
  2. by dividing the mother bush,
  3. with the help of root processes,

If you intend to grow Hamedorea in a seminal manner, consider such a feature as low germination rate and very slow seedling development.

In some cases, the first green shoots appear only six months after planting, which seriously spoils the mood of the grower. For planting, it is better to choose recently collected or purchased seeds, since

the longer they lie, the lower their germination.

Immediately before sowing, planting material should be placed for 5 days in the composition of zircon, after which the upper dense shell should be carefully removed, which is necessary to accelerate the germination of seedlings.

Prepared planting material is placed in containers, deepening them into the soil by 1 centimeter at a temperature of 22-25 degrees Celsius.

To seedlings appear much faster, the greenhouse must be periodically warmed up and ensure optimum humidity inside. To do this, containers with seeds should be covered with a transparent plastic wrap, which will allow the formation of the so-called "greenhouse effect".It is also important to protect the plant from the development of mold, which is done by daily airing the greenhouse.

If the first shoots appear in the soil, you need to wait until the first leaf grows to two to four centimeters. After that, the young seedling can be transplanted into a prepared soil mixture for adult specimens.

Reproduction by dividing the bush It is customary to combine with seasonal transfers Hamedorei, which is carried out in late spring. The rhizome of the extracted plant must be freed from the substrate, which is easily done with a jet of water. Then you need to separate one part of the palm from the other and move them into separate containers.

Vegetative breeding method involves the use of basal processes that are created on the parent plant. They can be removed only after the final formation of the roots.

Hamedorea - home care, reproduction and transplantation, treatment of flower diseases

Tropical plants in the interior of the home - a common thing. They are able to transform any room, which can not be said that it is boring. One of the most popular plants in the homes of compatriots is Hamedorea. About what types are and how to care for Hamedorei - all this is worth knowing more.

Types of Hamedorei

Hamedorea (Neanta) - is a flowering plant, widely known as a houseplant.

Bamboo palm in the wild is found in the expanses of South and Central America and can reach a height of 5 meters. At home, it does not grow above two meters, for which she fell in love with gardeners.

In addition, Hamedorea has an elegant attractive appearance and has a number of useful properties, which makes it a favorite of many people.

It cleans the air from the content of various chemical impurities, which can often be filled room. It is noteworthy that neutralizes the harmful substances of the plant with the help of leaves and root system.

The reed palm, as it is also called Hamedorea, has a thin-stem structure. The leaves are arcuate and, depending on the species, can be dissected into several elements and pinnate.

Hamedorea blooms even at home - in the photo you can see what kind of flowers are. When flowering ends, black berries are formed.

In the wild, there are more than a hundred varieties of bamboo palm, but at home only a few of them grow. The description of the most popular and their photos are given below, but in the collections of lovers you can find its rare species:

  • bridbl,
  • geomanoid,
  • malaciferous,
  • moon-like,
  • Marcius,
  • stolonosnaya,
  • broadleaf

Chamaedorea elegans is a type that can often be found in magazines and interiors. Hamedorea elegans differs in that it does not have a central trunk, but consists of a rosette of leaves.

The stems of the plant are thin and topped with feathery leaves. The bamboo palm of the genus Elegance begins to bloom at an early age with beautiful yellow flowers, gathered in a panicle with a delicate aroma.

With artificial pollination, they are able to bear fruit.

Neanta beautiful

Few know that Neant is beautiful is another name that Hamedorea Elegance bears. It grows short, which is very suitable for breeding at home. Neant is so unpretentious that feels great even on the north window. Initially, the trunks of the plant are green, but over time they become brown in color.

Hamedorea monochrome

The most durable type that does not require special care is Chamaedorea pinnatifrons. It blooms in yellow and looks similar to Hamedorea graceful, but has some differences:

  • leaves are thinner and longer
  • internodes lengthened.

Although the plant is exotic, caring for Hamedorea does not imply special knowledge and skills. Just enough to follow certain rules.Decorative flower has a decent size.

Some plants can reach 2 meters, such as Hamedorea high (Chamaedorea elatior).

The location for their placement must be chosen thoroughly, so that the flower will not become a hindrance to either the owners or the guests.

The best option for the plant will be the corner of the room, and the choice is preferable to give the place next to the window. It is worth knowing that Hamedorei is not demanding of himself.

Although caring for a plant is simple, it means adherence to several rules that should be discussed in more detail.

If you create an optimal environment that is close to the natural conditions, then the flower will delight the host for a long time.

How to water Hamedorey

Proper care of chlamydorea is the selection of water for irrigation. Warm and defended water is ideal. The plant though is moisture-loving, it is impossible to overdo it in this matter. In summer, Hamedorei should be watered regularly, but the amount of water should be moderate.

Check the need for moisture is easy: if the topsoil is dry, then you need to water the plant. In winter, the flow of water must be reduced, and the earth in the pot should dry out by 3 cm, no less. Excess moisture is not the best effect on the plant and can cause rotting of the roots. Having watered a plant, in 10-15 minutes it is necessary to pour out excess water from the pallet.

Hamedorei transplant at home

Young individuals are transplanted every spring, after which the frequency is reduced. The signal for it is the filling by the root system of the container in which the flower grows.

Transplantation of Hamedorei, which reached its apogee, takes place every 4 years, and even less often. It is allowed only to replace the top layer of soil and produce fertilizing with fertilizers. It should be transplanted palm plant immediately after purchase.

There are several rules for plant transplantation to pass without consequences:

  • take a larger pot
  • necessarily equip the drainage,
  • use the transshipment method
  • ground level must match the previous one.

Soil for Hamedorei

For planting and transplanting plants used heavy and dense soil. Such a composition is necessary because the flower has a developed root system. The soil for Hamedorei can be purchased at a specialty store or prepared by yourself.

In the first case, you need to choose any ready substrate for palm trees, and in the second - to prepare the mixture yourself. Peat, humus, soddy soil and perlite are taken in equal amounts. Before planting the land is recommended to calcine in the oven.

This will save her from pests.

How Hamedorea breeds

There are 3 ways in which reproduction of Hamedorei at home is possible:

  • seeds. At the preparatory stage, the seeds are soaked for 5 days. After this time, you need to remove the dense shell and plant the prepared material into the ground to a depth of about 1 cm. The seeds are covered with plastic wrap or glass. Shoots appear after six months.
  • basal processes. For reproduction, the shoot is carefully separated from the donor. At the bottom of the tank pour drainage, and then part of the soil. The roots of the plant must be straightened, put the rest of the earth and well tamp. Hamedorea pour, and cover the pot with a film to create a greenhouse effect. Rooting occurs in a month and a half.
  • division of an adult bush. This rapid breeding method is used for plant transplantation. Dividing the bush into parts, new shoots are planted in separately prepared containers.

Hamedorei Diseases

The plant has a strong immunity to all sorts of diseases and pests, but is not fully protected from them. Diseases of palm trees arise from the wrong care of the plant. Waterlogging of the ground causes pink rot or leaf spot.

Struggling with this disease by regulating irrigation and fungicide treatment.With overdried air, Hamedorea is affected by a shield, spider mite, or mealy worm.

Treatment and care is to increase the humidity of the air and the treatment of the flower with soapy water or insecticides.

Why leaves of Hamedorei turn yellow

Yellowing of plant leaves is common when they are grown at home. If Hamedorea is noticed to turn yellow, then there may be several reasons for this ailment:

  • low ambient temperature
  • dry air
  • low air humidity.

Why dries Hamedorea

In nature, the plant grows in the shade of tall plants and is not subject to direct exposure to the sun.

In addition, tropical forests have high humidity, which also affects the entire appearance of the plant.

In home care it is not at all easy to create such ideal conditions, therefore it is sometimes noticeable that the leaves of Hamedorei are drying. For this reason, it is worth checking whether the direct rays of the sun fall on the leaves of plants.

In addition, care lies in the fact that it is necessary to regulate the temperature in the room (in summer it should not exceed +25 ° C, and in winter it should fall below + 12 ° C). In nature, the air humidity at which the plant lives is high.

It ranges from 70%, but at home this figure will be harmful for both human health and furnishings.

Humidity should be measured constantly, and if it is not enough, spraying of Hamedorei leaves should be done so that they do not dry.

Hamedorea: bloom at home

With good care, hamedorea regularly blooms at home. It blooms at a very early age and does it at different times of the year - depending on the mood.

Homemade Hamedorea

When does Hamedorea bloom? And when he wants. If she likes living conditions, she can bloom anytime.

Orange-yellow flowers Hamedorei collected in loose panicle. "In captivity" this palm tree blooms, but does not bear fruit. Maybe because it is a dioecious plant. In some instances, only female flowers, in others - male. Smell only female flowers. On young Hamedorei inflorescences should be removed, because flowering depletes immature plants.

Hamedorea blooms regularly, usually in winter and spring. Throws out a few arrows. Mimosa-like flowers greatly decorate an exotic palm tree.

Now very popular Hamedoreya graceful. At home, her height does not exceed two meters. Hamedorea monochrome (Ch. Concolor) is 2–3 meters high and very unpretentious.

The most famous species and varieties of plants

Indoor palm tree is distinguished by a variety of species that differ in appearance. Hamedorei with a mix is ​​often sold - in this case, you can get a surprise plant, because even the sellers do not know which variety will grow from incoming seeds or seedlings.

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